Prostate Cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. In Africa, the highest rate is in South Africa and the lowest in Northern Africa. This test detects many prostate cancers that are small and /or would otherwise have remained unrecognized. Prostate Cancer is the cancer of the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer usually develops in men over the age of fifty. In many cases prostate cancer shows no signs or symptoms, as a result, there are no therapy, and eventually causing death due to unrelated causes.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is the cancer of the prostate gland, a gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate secretes a slightly alkaline milky fluid that constitutes 50–75% in volume of the semen. helps neutralize acidity of the vaginal tract, prolonging sperm lifespan. Most prostate cancers grow slow but there are cases of aggressive prostate cancers too. The cancer cells may spread (metastasize) from the prostate to other parts of the body, typically the bones and lymph nodes. This type of cancer may have no symptoms initially, but can cause pain, difficulty in passing urinating, problems in sexual intercourse, erectile dysfunction, and death in later stages.
|Symptoms of Prostate Cancer may include:
Prostate Cancer Treatment in India at World Class Hospitals
Men with prostate cancer have many treatment options. The treatment that’s best for one man may not be best for another. Your doctor will make recommendations that are best for each individual. The options include active surveillance (also called watchful waiting), surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. You may have a combination of treatments.
Surgery: Surgery is an option for men with early (Stage I or II) prostate cancer. It’s sometimes an option for men with Stage III or IV prostate cancer. Before the surgeon removes the prostate, the lymph nodes in the pelvis may be removed.. There are several types of surgery for prostate cancer. Each type has benefits and risks.
What are the options for Prostate cancer treatment in India
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) – It makes use of high frequency energy to heat and destroy cancer cells in the prostate gland.When these sound waves are concentrated on body tissues, the tissues heat up and die. Specialists target the area containing the cancer.It is an outpatient procedure generally performed under local or general anesthesia. As HIFU is non surgical, there is no incisions or blood loss and recovery is quick.
Robotic Surgery – Robotic surgery for prostate cancer removal is an advanced technique whereby the robotic arms hold the surgery tools. The advantages of this surgery type are very high precision in performing the surgery and reducing the risks associated with the surgery.
Cyber Knife Treatment – In this procedure, the patient lays still and breathes normally while the CyberKnife zeroes in on the prostate and irradiates it without harming surrounding areas. The procedure is more comfortable for patients, as radiation is given accurately and treatments are completed in four to five days.
Laser Surgery – This procedure has emerged as the top choice for most patients. It is minimally invasive as all work to open the prostate channel made through the penis, is done without an incision on the abdomen. This surgery helps patients urinate better and with a good stream. The patient is able to empty his bladder fully after the surgery.In Laser Surgery for Prostate cancer, the obstructive prostate tissue is vaporized by the directed laser beam.
Radical Prostatectomy – It is the surgery done to remove the entire prostate and any nearby tissues like seminal vesicles and some nearby lymph nodes. Radical prostatectomy can be done as either open or laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon removes the prostate through a cut in the abdomen, or makes a series of small cuts instead of one larger cut. Sometimes prostate is removed through a cut in the area between the testicles and the back passage.After the prostate gland is taken out through an incision, a catheter is placed in the bladder to pass urine out of the body until the area heals.
Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy – A thin tube with a tiny camera is deployed. Small cuts are made near the tumor site, and thin tools remove the tumor and surrounding tissue. Patients are usually given general anesthesia that blocks nerve routes from the spine and numbs the area.
External beam Radiotherapy – This treatment deploys high radiation dose just on the area of the prostate gland. The whole of your prostate gland is treated along with an area of 1 to 2 centimetres around it.
Brachytherapy – Brachytherapy makes use of high dose of radiation reducing the risk of damage to nearby healthy tissue while destroying the tumor. Doctors place Brachytherapy seeds inside a body cavity or insert seeds into body tissue using hollow needles. It may be used alone or with radiation given externally. Radioactive seeds may be left permanently in place or removed after some time.
Hormone Therapy – Hormones occur naturally in your body and control the growth and activity of normal cells. Prostate gland cancer depends on the male hormone testosterone to grow. Lowering the amount of testosterone in the body can reduce the chance of an early prostate cancer coming back after treatment.
Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy involves drugs to kill cancer cells. It is used to treat prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and is used mainly if hormone therapy is not controlling the cancer.
Cryotherapy – Cryotherapy uses an instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue. Cryosurgery can be used to treat men who have early-stage prostate cancer that is confined to the prostate gland. It is less well established than standard prostatectomy and various types of radiation therapy. Long-term outcomes are not known. Because it is effective only in small areas, cryosurgery is not used to treat prostate cancer that has spread outside the gland, or to distant parts of the body.
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