The knee has the responsibility of supporting the entire weight of the body which makes it particularly prone to stress and strain. The main aim of Knee Surgery is to increase the mobility and to reduce the pain associated with knee injuries and diseases.
People world – wide are affected by knee problems. This problem is commonly found among people over 50 years of age and those who are overweight. Other reasons of knee pain can be health issues such as bursitis, arthritis, tears in the ligaments, osteoarthritis of the joints, or infections. Each year, millions of people undergo knee surgery and how quickly they recover depends on many factors such as their age, the severity, location of the injury and pre-existing conditions, such as arthritis.
Knee surgery typically refers to total knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty. Knee surgery can be performed arthroscopically or in an open fashion. Special techniques and latest implants ensure return of natural movements. It covers major surgeries like total and partial knee replacement surgery and less invasive procedures like knee arthrothscopy.
Osteoarthritis occurs from ‘wear and tear’ and is the most common reason for the total knee replacement. It usually occurs after the age of 50 and is a genetic problem. When the tissue covering the bones softens and wears away, the bone began to rub against each other and leads to severe pain.
When the tissues surrounding the bone releases excessive fluid due to inflammation, it causes damage to cartilage and other parts of the joint and causes pain and stiffness.
This type of arthritis usually occurs after a serious knee injury. Due to the knee fracture, the connective tissue and the tissue covering the ends of the bone wears away, resulting in pain and stiffness.
There are two main types of surgery, depending on the condition of the knee:
•Total Knee Replacement (TKR) – both sides of your knee joint are replaced
• Partial (half) Knee Replacement (PKR) – only one side of your joint is replaced in a smaller operation with a shorter hospital stay and recovery period
Knee surgery is recommended for older people, although adults or teenagers of any age can be candidates for the procedure, since they are physically active and will more rapidly wear the joint out. The weight, gender, or age of the person is never a factor when considering knee replacement surgery. When considering the option of knee replacement surgery, doctors take into account a number of symptoms:
• Severe knee pain or stiffness: Do symptoms seriously undermine the patient’s ability to carry out everyday tasks and activities, such as walking, going upstairs, getting in and out of cars, getting up from a chair, etc?
• Moderate but continuous knee pain: Is pain present while sleeping or resting?
• Chronic knee inflammation and swelling: Does the swelling not improve after taking medications or resting? Do drugs cause unpleasant side effects?
• Knee deformity: Is there is a noticeable arch in the inside or outside of the knee?
• Nothing else worked: The doctor has prescribed medications and physical therapy without any substantial improvement.
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