Most Advanced Radical Prostatectomy Surgery in India

Overview

Prostatectomy includes variety of surgical procedures to get rid of part or all of the endocrine gland. The endocrine gland is situated within the lower abdomen of men, below the urinary bladder. It surrounds the channel, that carries urine from the bladder to the penis.

There are different types of prostatectomy, depending on the treatment involved:

Radical prostatectomy is surgery to remove the entire prostate gland and surrounding lymph nodes.Figure-18-Comparison-of-ProstRcision-and-Radical-Prostatectomy.-A-larger-area-is-treated-with-ProstRcision-compared-to-Radical-Prostatectomy-where-cancer-is-left-behind This surgery is a treatment for men with localized prostate cancer. A surgeon can perform a radical prostatectomy using different techniques, including:

  • Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. The surgeon makes several small incisions in your lower abdomen to remove the prostate. He or she sits at a console, using instruments attached to a mechanical device (robot). Using the robotic device allows a more precise response to movement of the surgeon’s hands.
  • Open radical prostatectomy. The surgeon makes an incision in your lower abdomen to remove the prostate (retropubic surgery). Rarely, this incision is made between your anus and scrotum (perineal surgery).
  • Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The surgeon makes several small incisions in your lower abdomen and inserts special tools to remove the prostate.

Open simple prostatectomy is generally recommended for men who have severe urinary symptoms and very enlarged prostate glands. This enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. The surgery does not remove the entire prostate, as is done in a radical prostatectomy, but removes just the obstructive part of the prostate that is blocking the flow of urine.

Your surgical team will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each technique, as well as your preferences, to determine which approach is best for you.

Why it’s done

Prostatectomy is most often done to treat localized prostate cancer. It may be used alone, or in conjunction with radiation, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Prostatectomy to treat prostate cancer involves removing the entire prostate and some surrounding tissue, including lymph nodes.

Prostatectomy to treat prostate cancer includes open radical prostatectomy, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

Prostatectomy also may be used to treat a blocked urethra caused by BPH. Prostatectomy to treat BPH doesn’t always involve removing the entire prostate.

Prostatectomy to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) includes open simple prostatectomy. This surgery eases urinary symptoms and complications resulting from blocked urine flow caused by BPH. These can include:

  • A frequent, urgent need to urinate
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Slow (prolonged) urination
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Stopping and starting again while urinating
  • The feeling you can’t completely empty your bladder
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Inability to urinate

Open simple prostatectomy has a higher risk of complications and a longer recovery time than other procedures to treat BPH.

Risks

Radical prostatectomy risks

In addition to the risks associated with any surgery, risks with radical prostatectomy include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Erectile dysfunction (impotence)
  • Injury to the rectum (rare)
  • Narrowing (stricture) of the urethra or bladder neck
  • Formation of cysts containing lymph (lymphocele)

Open simple prostatectomy risks

Although open simple prostatectomy works well at relieving urinary symptoms, it has a higher risk of complications and a longer recovery time than other enlarged prostate procedures. Risks of open simple prostatectomy include:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Dry orgasm
  • Erectile dysfunction (impotence)
  • Narrowing (stricture) of the urethra or bladder neck.

How you prepare

Before surgery, your doctor may want to do a test that uses a visual scope to look inside your urethra and bladder (cystoscopy). This allows the doctor to check the size of your prostate and examine your urinary system. Your doctor may also want to do other tests, such as blood tests or tests to specifically measure your prostate and to measure urine flow.

Follow your doctor’s instructions on what to do before your treatment. Here are some issues to discuss with your doctor:

  • Your medications. Tell your doctor about any prescription or over-the-counter medications or supplements you take. This is especially important if you take blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin (Coumadin) or clopidogrel (Plavix), and nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others). Your surgeon may ask you to stop taking medications that increase your risk of bleeding several days before the surgery.
  • Fasting before surgery. Your doctor will likely ask that you not eat or drink anything after midnight. On the morning of your procedure, take only the medications your doctor tells you to with a small sip of water.
  • Bowel prep before surgery. Your surgeon may ask you to do an enema prior to surgery. You may be given a kit and instructions for giving yourself an enema to clear your bowels the morning of surgery.
  • Arrangements after surgery. Ask your doctor how long to expect to be in the hospital. And arrange ahead of time for a ride home. You won’t be able to drive yourself home.
  • Activity restrictions. You may not be able to work or do strenuous activity for several weeks after surgery. Ask your doctor how much recovery time you may need.

During the procedure

Robotic radical prostatectomy. Your surgeon sits at a remote control console a short distance from you and the operating table and precisely controls the motion of the surgical instruments using two hand-and-finger control devices. The console displays a magnified, 3-D view of the surgical area that enables the surgeon to visualize the procedure in much greater detail than in traditional laparoscopic surgery. The robotic system allows smaller and more-precise incisions, which for some people promotes faster recovery than traditional open surgery does. The robotic approach also enables nerve-sparing techniques that may preserve both sexual potency and continence in the appropriately selected person.

Robotic prostatectomy can result in reduced pain and blood loss, reduced tissue trauma, a shorter hospital stay, and a quicker recovery period than a traditional prostatectomy. You usually can return to normal activity, with minor restrictions, two to four weeks after surgery.

After the procedure

After surgery you should expect that:

  • You’ll be given intravenous (IV) pain medications. Your doctor may give you prescription pain pills to take after the IV is removed.
  • Your doctor will have you walk the day of or the day after surgery. You’ll also do exercises to move your feet while you’re in bed.
  • You’ll likely go home the day after surgery. When your doctor thinks it’s safe for you to go home, the pelvic drain is taken out. You may need to return to the doctor in one or two weeks to have staples taken out.
  • You’ll return home with a catheter in place. Most men need a urinary catheter for five to 10 days after surgery.

Results

Robotic prostatectomy can result in reduced pain and blood loss, reduced tissue trauma, a shorter hospital stay, and a quicker recovery period than a traditional prostatectomy. You usually can return to normal activity, with minor restrictions, two to four weeks after surgery.

Open simple prostatectomy provides long-term relief of urinary symptoms due to an enlarged prostate. Although it’s the most invasive procedure to treat an enlarged prostate, serious complications are rare. Most men who have the procedure generally don’t need any follow-up treatment for their BPH.

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Most Advanced Radical Prostatectomy Surgery in India

Most Advanced Total Hip Joint Replacement Surgery at World Best Hospitals in India

Overview

During hip replacement, a surgeon removes the damaged sections of your hip joint and replaces them with parts usually constructed of metal and very hard plastic. This artificial joint (prosthesis) helps reduce pain and improve function.birmingham-hip-resurfacing-stem-surgery2

Also called total hip arthroplasty, hip replacement surgery may be an option for you if your hip pain interferes with daily activities and more-conservative treatments haven’t helped. Arthritis damage is the most common reason to need hip replacement.

Why it’s done

Conditions that can damage the hip joint, sometimes necessitating hip replacement surgery, include:

  • Osteoarthritis. Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis damages the slick cartilage that covers the ends of bones and helps joints move smoothly.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. Caused by an overactive immune system, rheumatoid arthritis produces a type of inflammation that can erode bone and cartilage and deform joints.
  • Osteonecrosis. If there is inadequate blood supply to the ball portion of the hip joint, the bone may collapse and deform.

Benefits

The hip replacement operation is one of the most reliable operations in orthopaedic surgery and consistently reduces or eliminates the pain of the arthritis in most patients. Some of the important benefits of a Total Hip replacement surgery are, marked reduction in pain and improvement in sleep, most people regain range of motion, physical ability, and quality of life.

Risks

Risks associated with hip replacement surgery may include:

  • Blood clots. Clots can form in your leg veins after surgery. This can be dangerous because a piece of a clot can break off and travel to your lung, heart or rarely your brain. Your doctor may prescribe blood-thinning medications to reduce this risk.
  • Infection. Infections can occur at the site of your incision and in the deeper tissue near your new hip. Most infections are treated with antibiotics, but a major infection near your prosthesis may require surgery to remove and replace the prosthesis.
  • Fracture. During surgery, healthy portions of your hip joint may fracture. Sometimes the fractures are so small that they heal on their own, but larger fractures may need to be corrected with wires, pins and possibly bone grafts.
  • Dislocation. Certain positions can cause the ball of your new joint to become dislodged. To avoid this, it is often recommended that after surgery you don’t bend more than 90 degrees at the hip and don’t let your leg cross the midline of your body. If the hip dislocates, your doctor may fit you with a brace to keep the hip in the correct position. If your hip keeps dislocating, surgery is often required to stabilize it.
  • Change in leg length. Your surgeon takes steps to avoid the problem, but occasionally a new hip makes one leg longer or shorter than the other. Sometimes this is caused by weakness in the muscles surrounding the hip. In this case, progressively strengthening and stretching those muscles may help.
  • Loosening. Although this complication is rare with newer implants, your new joint may not become solidly fixed to your bone or may loosen over time, causing pain in your hip. Surgery might be needed to fix the problem.

Diagnosis
The diagnosis of a hip pain starts with medical history taking by your doctor. Here the doctor tries understanding the cause for pain as well as reviewing any other underlying complaints. Observation of the hip at rest and while standing or walking, palpation (or feeling) of the hip and surrounding structures, testing for range of motion and strength, and checking for sensation and pulses all may be done. Few blood tests may also be ordered.
The most common imaging technique used in the diagnosis of a hip pain is X-ray. Other imaging like CT scan or a MRI scan may also be used.

During the procedure

To perform a hip replacement, your surgeon:

  • Makes an incision over the front or side of your hip, through the layers of tissue
  • Removes diseased and damaged bone and cartilage, leaving healthy bone intact
  • Implants the prosthetic socket into your pelvic bone, to replace the damaged socket
  • Replaces the round top of your femur with the prosthetic ball, which is attached to a stem that fits into your thighbone

Techniques for hip replacement are evolving. As surgeons continue to develop less invasive surgical techniques, Hip Replacement Surgery in Indiathe hope is that these techniques might reduce recovery time and pain compared with standard hip replacements. However, studies comparing the outcomes of standard hip replacement with those of minimally invasive hip replacement have had mixed results.

After the procedure

After surgery, you’ll be moved to a recovery area for a few hours while your anesthesia wears off. Medical staff will monitor your blood pressure, pulse, alertness, pain or comfort level, and your need for medications.

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Most Advanced Total Hip Joint Replacement Surgery at World Best Hospitals in India

Most Advanced Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery With Best Hospitals in India

Overview

Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease. In heart valve disease, at least one of the four heart valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction through your heart doesn’t function properly.

These valves include the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps called leaflets, for the mitral and tricuspid valves, and cusps, for the aortic and pulmonary valves. mitral-valve-replacement-indiaThese flaps open and close once during each heartbeat. Sometimes the valves don’t open or close properly, disrupting the blood flow through your heart to your body.

In heart valve surgery, your surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves. Many surgical procedures may be used to repair or replace heart valves, including open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery.

Your treatment depends on several factors, including your age, health, the condition of the heart valve that is affected and the severity of your condition.

Your treatment depends on several factors, including your age, health, the condition of the heart valve that is affected and the severity of your condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure

In the early stages, Heart Failure may not have any symptoms. In the later stages, the patient may have severe symptoms because the weakened heart is unable to pump enough oxygen-rich blood with each contraction to satisfy the body.

The most common symptoms are

  1. Difficulty in Breathing – Fluid back up into and around the lungs can cause shortness of breath with exercise or difficulty in breathing at rest. Some people with Heart Failure must prop themselves up with extra pillows to breathe more easily.
  2. Chronic Cough – The build-up of fluid in the lungs causes the lungs to work harder. Patients may have a persistent cough or wheezing (a whistling sound in the lungs, or labored breathing).
  3. Edema – Less blood to the kidneys causes fluid and water retention, resulting in swollen ankles, legs and abdomen and weight gain. Symptoms may cause an increased need to urinate during the night.
  4. Loss of Appetite – Bloating in the abdomen may result in loss of appetite or nausea. Patients have the feeling of being “full,” even when they have not eaten for a long time. Their abdomen may become swollen or distended
  5. Fatigue – Less blood to major organs and muscles makes one feel tired and weak. Patients find even walking difficult.

Heart valve surgery risks may include:

  • Bleeding
  • Heart attack
  • Infection
  • Valve dysfunction in replacement valve
  • Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • Stroke
  • Death

Diagnosis for Heart Failure

There is no single test that can diagnose Heart Failure. The patient may have to go some of the following tests –

  1. EKG (Electrocardiogram) – This test is used to measure the heart’s electrical activity. It may show if the patient has had a heart attack or if there is thickening of the walls in the heart’s pumping chambers (ventricles) or if the heart rhythms are abnormal.
  2. Chest X-ray – A chest X-ray shows if the heart is enlarged or if there is fluid in the lungs, or any lung disease.
  3. BNP Blood Test – This test checks the level of a hormone called BNP (B-type natriuretic peptide) that rises in Heart Failure.
  4. Thyroid Function Tests – These tests reveal whether an overactive or an under-active thyroid is responsible for Heart Failure.
  5. Echocardiogram – Echocardiogram enables the doctor to evaluate the size, thickness and pumping action of the heart, as well as evaluate how well the heart valves are functioning. A stress echocardiogram may also be useful in assessing how well the heart is functioning at rest and during exercise.
  6. Coronary Angiography – This test, usually performed along with cardiac catheterization, helps the doctor see the flow of blood to the heart muscle.
  7. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – MRI shows detailed images of the structures and beating of the heart, enabling the doctor to assess if parts of the heart are weak or damaged.

How you prepare

Before surgery to have your heart valve repaired or replaced, your doctor and treatment team will explain to you what to expect before, during and after the surgery and potential risks of the surgery.

Your doctor and team will discuss with you concerns you may have about your heart valve surgery. Discuss with your doctor and treatment team any questions you may have about the procedure.

You’ll need to have your hair shaved at the location of your body where the procedure will take place.

Before being admitted to the hospital for your surgery, talk to your family about your hospital stay and discuss help you may need when you return home. Your doctor and treatment team may give you specific instructions to follow during your recovery when you return home.

Heart valve replacement:-

If your heart valve can’t be repaired, your doctor may recommend heart valve replacement. To replace a heart valve, your doctor removes the heart valve and replaces it with a mechanical valve or a valve made from cow, pig or human heart tissue (biological tissue valve).

Biological valves often eventually need to be replaced, as they degenerate over time. If you have a mechanical valve, you’ll need to take blood-thinning medications for the rest of your life to prevent blood clots. Doctors will discuss with you the risks and benefits of each type of valve and discuss which valve may be appropriate for you.

A minimally invasive catheter procedure may be conducted to replace certain heart valves. For example, a catheter procedure may be performed to insert a replacement valve into a biological replacement valve in the heart that is no longer working properly.

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Most Advanced Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery With Best Hospitals in India

Advanced Liver Cancer Treatment With Best Hospitals in India.

Liver Cancer or hepatic tumor could be a cancer of Liver. There are many varieties|differing types|differing kinds} of tumours that may develop within the liver as liver is formed of various cell types. liver-cancer.jpgThese growths is benign or malignant. Cancerous tumours will begin in liver and spread to alternative areas of your body, through your blood or your lymphatic system. This unfold of cancer is termed metastasis. Tumours can also unfold from alternative components of your body, like from your bowel, breast or lungs, to your liver.

Knowing the signs helps a doctor to create an accurate diagnosis call regarding the cancer stage and its treatment. The below-mentioned factors signal regarding cancer, and if you observe these for a extended period, consult a doctor for treatment.

  1. Unaccounted Weight Loss

One must make it a habit to track physical activities and weight. Unexplainable weight loss can be a signal of the presence of cancerous cells in the body since cancer affects a body’s metabolism adversely.

  1. Chronic Nausea

Chronic nausea suggests that a liver has lost its ability to filter toxic by-products and can cause sickness and alarms us about cancer.

  1. Liver Enlargement

Enlargement of the liver is the physical change that can be observed by human eye. Bumps or swelling in the lower ribs suggests the presence of cancer.

  1. Swelling in Liver

A patient with cancer cells in liver observes a change in blood vessels and lymph nodes, which results in Liver swelling.

  1. Yellowing Skin and Eyes

Chronic Jaundice is a major symptom of Liver cancer.

  1. Continuous Itching

Where you are unable to resist the temptation of itching in the abdomen area.

  1. 7. Weakness and Fatigue

Where one feels devoid of energy and remains tired even without performing any physical exertion.

  1. Loss of appetite

Can result because of innumerable reasons, out of which one is Cancer in Liver.

  1. Wheezing/shortness of breath

People tend to ignore this symptom, but it might be a signal to the criticality of a disease in our body.

  1. Abdominal Tenderness

A patient observes severe pain in abdomen area because of a cancer cells growth around the liver.

Treatment overview

In cancer care, differing kinds of doctors typically work along to create a patient’s overall treatment set up that combines differing kinds of treatments.. Cancer care groups also include a spread of alternative health care professionals, as well as physician assistants, medicine nurses, social workers, pharmacists, counselors, dietitians, and others.

Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors:

  • How much of the liver is affected by the cancer
  • Whether the cancer has spread
  • The patient’s preferences and overall health
  • The damage to the remaining cancer-free area of the liver.

When a tumor is found at associate early stage and therefore the patient’s liver is functioning well, treatment is aimed at attempting to eliminate the cancer. The care arrange may additionally include treatment for symptoms and aspect effects, a very important a part of cancer care. liver 1once liver cancer is found at a later stage, or the patient’s liver isn’t operating well, the patient and doctor should talk about the goals of every treatment recommendation. At now, the goals of treatment could specialize in slowing growth of the cancer and relieving symptoms to improve quality of life.

The various disease-directed treatment options can be grouped according to whether they may cure the cancer or will improve survival but will most likely not eliminate the cancer. Descriptions of the most common treatment options, both disease-directed and those aimed at managing side effects and symptoms, are listed below. Take time to learn about your treatment options and be sure to ask questions about things that are unclear. Also, talk about the goals of each treatment with your doctor and what you can expect while receiving the treatment.

Two types of surgery are used to treat.

  • Hepatectomy :-when a portion of the liver is removed, the surgery is named a hepatectomy. A hepatectomy will be done provided that the cancer is in one a part of the liver and also the liver is functioning well. The remaining section of liver takes over the functions of the whole liver. The liver might grow back to its traditional size at intervals many weeks. A hepatectomy might not be possible if the patient has advanced cirrhosis, even if the tumour is little.

The side effects of a hepatectomy may include pain, weakness, fatigue, and temporary liver failure. The health care team will watch for signs of bleeding, infection, liver failure, or other problems that need immediate treatment.

  • Liver transplantation. Sometimes, a liver transplantation can be done. This procedure is possible only when the cancer has not spread outside the liver, a suitable donor is found, and very specific criteria are met in terms of tumor size and number. These criteria usually are a single tumor 5 cm or smaller or 3 or fewer tumors, all of which are smaller than 3 cm. It is important to understand that the number of donor livers available is very limited, so transplantation is not always an option.

After a transplant, the patient will be watched closely for signs that the body might be rejecting the new liver or that the tumor has come back. The patient must take medication to prevent rejection. These drugs can cause side effects, such as puffiness in the face, high blood pressure, or increased body hair.

Liver transplantation is a particularly effective treatment for people with a small tumor because transplantation removes the tumor and the damaged liver. However, there are few donors, and people waiting for a liver transplant may have to wait for a long time before a liver becomes available. During this time, the disease may get worse. The transplant center will advise you on how long the wait is likely to be and what rules are used to prioritize people on the waiting list.

Diagnosing liver cancer

Tests and procedures used to diagnose liver cancer include:

  • Blood tests. Blood tests may reveal liver function abnormalities.
  • Imaging tests. Your doctor may recommend imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Removing a sample of liver tissue for testing. Your doctor may recommend removing a piece of liver tissue for laboratory testing in order to make a definitive diagnosis of liver cancer.
  • Ultrasound test — The ultrasound device uses sound waves that cannot be heard by humans. The sound waves produce a pattern of echoes as they bounce off internal organs. The echoes create a picture (sonogram) of the liver and other organs in the abdomen. Tumors may produce echoes that are different from the echoes made by healthy tissues.
  • MRI — A powerful magnet linked to a computer is used to make detailed pictures of areas inside the body. These pictures are viewed on a monitor and can also be printed.
  •  Angiogram — For an angiogram, the patient may be in the hospital and may have anesthesia. The doctor injects dye into an artery so that the blood vessels in the liver show up on an x-ray. The angiogram can reveal a tumor in the liver.
  •  Biopsy — In some cases, the doctor may remove a sample of tissue. A pathologist uses a microscope to look for cancer cells in the tissue. The doctor may obtain tissue in several ways. One way is by inserting a thin needle into the liver to remove a small amount of tissue. This is called fine-needle aspiration. The doctor may use CT or ultrasound to guide the needle. Sometimes the doctor obtains a sample of tissue with a thick needle (core biopsy) or by inserting a thin, lighted tube (laparoscope) into a small incision in the abdomen. Another way is to remove tissue during an operation.

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Advanced Liver Cancer Treatment With Best Hospitals in India.

Best Brain Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

A brain tumor or cancer grows once irregular cells are formed inside the region of brain. There are mainly 2 varieties of tumors like cancerous tumors and non-cancerous tumors. Cancerous tumors could also be categorized into primary tumors that grow inside the brain itself and such tumors that spread from some totally different part recognized as brain metastasis tumors.brain-cancer all types of brain tumors will produce symptoms and signs that vary in keeping with the regions of the brain involved. Brain Cancer may be a illness which can be diagnosed and analysed with a thorough remedial examination. It doesn’t refer a schedule sickness since for the most conditions, it’s terribly deadly. it always happens once one form of the brain tissue loses its general options and transforms and begins multiplying to formulate an irregular lump of cells called tumor. nevertheless, not all sort of brain tumors is cancerous. Non cancerous brain tumors don’t have any threat and should be with success separated.

Types of Brain Cancer

  • Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
  • Schwannoma
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Chordoma
  • Ptic nerve glioma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Pituitary neuroectodermal
  • Ganglioneuroma
  • Brain stem glioma
  • Pineal tumors
  • Meningioma
  • Primitive neuroectodermal
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Mixed glioma
  • Craniopharyngioma

Other symptoms for Brain Cancer can include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Difficulty speaking or remembering words
  • Disturbed vision, hearing, smell or taste
  • General irritability or a change in personality – this is sometimes noticed only by family or friends
  • Drowsiness

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-

Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exerting a limiting control for any substance to pass. Hence, most tracers would be able reach brain tumors only with the disruption of the BBB. The disruption of the BBB (blood-brain-barrier) can be detected by a MRI and CT.

Treatment for Brain Cancer

There are various methods undertaken by the doctors as treatment methods. However, some of them are mentioned here. Effective treatment for brain cancer must be personalized for each and every patient. 321Treatment schedules are depended on the victim’s general health condition and age as well as the location, malignancy, type, size, and phase of the cancerous tumor. In most of the cases of brain cancer, radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy are the major kinds of treatment. Frequently, more than one treatment type is applied. India has come the best destination for Brain Cancer Treatment now a days due to availability of Most Advanced Technology & highly skill team of doctors, surgeons & para medical staff. One can gets best Brain Cancer Treatment in India very affordable Rates and assists you in facilitating you further lowest treatment cost for best medical treatment you are looking for.

The patient, family, and friends will have many questions about the tumor, the treatment, how treatment will affect the person, and the person’s long-term outlook (prognosis). So, everyone take needed precaution. Love and support is also needed.

Surgery as the way of Treatment

Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for brain cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the brain cancer.

Additional treatment options for high-grade tumors include:

  • Radiation therapy: X-rays and other forms of radiation can destroy tumor cells or delay tumor growth.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells. It can be taken orally or intravenously.
  • Targeted therapy: The focus on a specific element of a cell, such as molecules or pathways required for cell growth, in order to use them as a target.
  • Tumor Treating Fields: (A wearable device) locally or regionally delivered treatment that produces electric fields to disrupt the rapid cell division exhibited by cancer cells by creating alternating, “wave-like” electric fields that travel across their region of usage in different directions. Because structures within dividing cells have an electric charge, they interact with these electric fields.

Best brain cancer hospitals in India are as follows:

  • Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Chennai
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  • Columbia Asia
  • Jaypee Hospital, Noida

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Best Brain Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

Best Hospitals for knee Replacement Surgery in India

The best hospitals for knee replacement surgery in India have a world class and patient friendly infrastructure with the national and international certifications and accreditation. The hospitals have highly advanced technology which helps using the minimally invasive techniques that helps in lesser pain, lesser blood loss and reduced risks of infection, better surgery outcomes and faster recovery. The top Knee replacement surgery hospitals in India are located at Delhi, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Nagour, Chennai, Bangalore, Noida, Gurgaon, Hyderabad,etc.

The best knee replacement surgeons in India are highly skilled and have a vast experience of working with the best hospitals across the world and many of them have been trained at some of the finest medical institutions across the world

knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery additionally called knee arthroplasty is procedure to switch the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve the pain and disability of osteoarthritis. it should be performed for alternative knee diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and  psoriatic  arthritis.knee 1
The procedure has been proven to assist people come back to moderately difficult activities like golf, bicycling, and swimming. Total knees don’t seem to be designed for jogging, or sports like lawn tennis and athletics (although there actually are people with total knee replacements that participate in such sports).
Knee replacement may be a routine surgery performed on over 600,000 people worldwide annually. Over ninetieth of individuals WHO have had Total Knee Replacement experience associate improvement in knee pain and performance.

Knee Replacement treatment in India

India is the most preferred medical destination by the patients coming from various parts of the world for knee replacement treatment. The reasons include the low cost advantage for knee replacement treatment along with the best quality as catered in the developed nations of US and UK.

List all types of Knee Replacement surgeries offered in India.

  • Knee Replacement
  • Unilateral Knee Replacement
  • Bilateral Knee Replacement
  • Total Knee Replacement
  • Unicondylar Knee Replacement
  • Partial Knee Replacement
  • High Flex Knee Replacement
  • Both Knee Replacement Together
  • Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
  • Revision Knee Replacement

Who needs a knee replacement surgery?

A knee replacement is major surgery and is mostly preferred if other treatments, such as physiotherapy or steroid injections, haven’t helped in reducing pain or improve mobility. Most common reasons for undergoing this surgery are:

  • Osteoarthritis-This is age related arthritis which develops due to inflammatory breakdown of cartilage of the knee joint.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis- This is a chronic arthritis which results in soreness and stiffness of the knee joint.
  • Post traumatic Arthritis Caused due to severe knee injury.
  • Hemophilia
  • Gout

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Best Hospitals for knee Replacement Surgery in India

Prostate Cancer Surgery with Advanced Treatment in India

About Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is that the presence of cancerous cells in ‘prostate’ that could be a tiny gland in males responsible for producingrobotic-prostate-cancer-surgery-in-india1 fluid which will nourish male semen. 2 out of 3 prostate cancer cases are found in males on top of 65 years of age and may be therefore termed as ‘malignancy of elderly males’.

 

Risk factors for the prostate cancer

Age – Prostate cancer is rare in men under 40 years of age and the risk increases rapidly as a man reaches 50 years of age.
Family history – Men who have a family history of prostate cancer (father or brother)have a higher chance of developing it themselves. The risk is more in case of an effected brother than father.
Genes – Inherited mutated genes form a small number of cases.
Smoking – It can not only increase the chances of prostate cancer but also slightly increase the risk of death due to prostate cancer.
Inflammation and Infections (prostatitis) can also increase the chance of one getting prostate cancer.
High fat diet and obesity have also been shown to put men at high risk of prostate cancer.

Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer.

Frequency – urinating much more often than normal.
Urgency – having a sensation that you need to urinate immediately.
Nocturia – getting up to urinate multiple times during the night.
Hesitancy – difficulty starting the urine stream. Other less common symptoms can be blood in urine, blood with semen, impotence, bone pain in back, hips or ribs and loss of bladder control.

Prostate Cancer – Treatment

Different doctors are usually involved in the treatment of prostate cancer (urologist, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist). These specialists discuss prostate cancer cases in so call tumor boards.
Several factors will be considered for each patient’s individual treatment plan:

  • size of the tumor
  • whether it is limited to the prostate or has already spread
  • aggressiveness of the tumor
  • age and general life expectancy of the patient
  • other diseases and tumor associated symptoms

How can one screen or diagnose prostate cancer?

Various methods can be used for screening and diagnosis. Most important of them for screening high risk patients is the blood levels of Prostate specific Antigen (PSA). Other methods for confirming prostate cancer is digital rectal examination, CT, MRI or bone scan as recommended by a consultant. Depending on the stage of disease, prostate cancer can be treated in various ways.

  • Radiation Therapy which refers to non-invasive beam therapy using electron, proton, or neutron beams.
  • Prostatectomy or prostate surgery
  • Chemotherapy works by destroying quickly-dividing cells and is usually reserved for patients with advanced prostate cancer.
  • Hormone Therapy prevents testosterone from spurring the growth of prostatic tissue and the prostatic tumour.
  • Cryotherapy is a revolutionary minimally invasive therapy that uses ultrathin needles and freezing gases to destroy the cancerous tissue

Prevention of prostate cancer

No exact method to prevent prostate cancer is known. To lower the risk of prostate cancer one must be watchful of the weight, include fruits and vegetables in diet especially (tomatoes, cruciferous vegetables, soy, beans, and other legumes) or fish, exercise regularly and include Vitamin E supplements in consultation with a medical practitioner.

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MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

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MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

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Prostate Cancer Surgery with Advanced Treatment in India