What is Pediatric Cardiac Surgery ?
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Sometimes heart surgery in kids is needed for repairing defects within the heart that a baby might need born with (known as congenital heart defects) and heart diseases that he gets when birth, that need surgery. pediatric cardiac Surgery deals with operative procedures within the newborn and unborn kids and kids suffering from cardiac dysfunctions, structural, purposeful and rhythm-related problems with the guts additionally.
Pediatric cardiac Surgery usually deals with heart issues in kids, the cause of innate heart diseases that are common heart ailments among new born kids and involves deficiencies like structural defects, congenital arrythmias and cardiomyopathies, that end in completely different varieties of abnormalities associated with the heart. innate heart disease may be a cause of improper growth of the heart or blood vessels before birth.
Heart Treatment in India for Major Heart Ailments in Children
The most common cardiac defects in children are the following:
- Atrial Septal Defect
- Ventricular Septal Defect
- Fallot’s Tetralogy
- Valvular defects
Why the Procedure is Performed
Some heart defects need repair soon after birth. For others, it is better to wait months or years. Certain heart defects may not need to be repaired.In general, symptoms that indicate that surgery is needed are:
- Blue or gray skin, lips, and nail beds (cyanosis). These symptoms mean there is not enough oxygen in the blood (hypoxia).
- Difficulty breathing because the lungs are “wet,” congested, or filled with fluid (heart failure).
- Problems with heart rate or heart rhythm (arrhythmias).
- Poor feeding or sleeping, and lack of growth and development of the child.
- Blood clots (thrombi)
- Air bubbles (air emboli)
- Heartbeat problems (arrhythmias)
- Heart attack
Before the Procedure
If your child is talking, tell them about the surgery. If you have a preschool-aged child, tell them the day before what will happen. Say, for example, “We are going to the hospital to stay for a few days. The doctor is going to do an operation on your heart to make it work better.”If your child is older, start talking about the procedure 1 week before the surgery. You should involve the child’s life specialist (someone who helps children and their families during times like major surgery) and show the child the hospital and surgical areas.Your child may need many different tests:
- Blood tests (complete blood count, electrolytes, clotting factors, and “cross match”)
- X-rays of the chest
- Electrocardiogram (EKG, or ECG)
- Echocardiogram (ECHO, or ultrasound of the heart)
- Cardiac catheterization
- History and physical
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