Interventional Cardiology Treatments for Angioplasty in India

What Is Angioplasty?

Angioplasty could be a procedure used to open blocked or narrowed coronary (heart) arteries. The procedure improves blood flow to the heart muscle. Over time, a fatty substance known as plaque (plak) will build up in your arteries, causing them to harden and narrow. This condition is called  atherosclerosis will have an effect on any artery within the body. once atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries, the condition is termed coronary heart {disease|heart condition|cardiopathy|cardiovascular disease} (CHD) or coronary artery disease.cardiac-heart-surgery

Angioplasty will restore blood flow to the heart if the coronary arteries became narrowed or blocked thanks to CHD.

 

 

Angioplasty is a common medical procedure. It may be used to:

  • Improve symptoms of CHD, such as angina (an-JI-nuh or AN-juh-nuh) and shortness of breath. (Angina is chest pain or discomfort.)
  • Reduce damage to the heart muscle caused by a heart attack. A heart attack occurs if blood flow through a coronary artery is completely blocked. The blockage usually is due to a blood clot that forms on the surface of plaque. During angioplasty, a small balloon is expanded inside the coronary artery to relieve the blockage.
  • Reduce the risk of death in some patients.

Most Advanced Interventional Cardiology Procedures for Treatment of Heart Diseases

Balloon Angioplasty – Balloon angioplasty is a medical procedure that is performed to open up arteries that have been narrowed by plaque. Balloon angioplasty is a safe and commonly performed procedure, and is now considered standard PAD treatment. For many types of PAD, a balloon angioplasty procedure has replaced a standard surgical procedure as first line treatment.Angioplasty1
The principle of balloon angioplasty is to insert a small balloon into a narrowed section of an artery where the balloon is inflated, opening up the artery and improving blood flow.

Stents – A stent is a small mesh tube that’s used to treat narrowed or weakened arteries in the body. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts of your body.You may have a stent placed in an artery as part of a procedure called angioplasty (AN-jee-oh-plas-tee). Angioplasty restores blood flow through narrowed or blocked arteries. Stents help prevent the arteries from becoming narrowed or blocked again in the months or years after angioplasty.

You also may have a stent placed in a weakened artery to improve blood flow and to help prevent the artery from bursting.Stents usually are made of metal mesh, but sometimes they’re made of fabric. Fabric stents, also called stent grafts, are used in larger arteries. Some stents are coated with medicines that are slowly and continuously released into the artery. These stents are called drug-eluting stents. The medicines help prevent the artery from becoming blocked again.

Rotablation (Percutaneous Transluminal Rotational Atherectomy or PTRA) –   A special catheter, with an acorn-shaped, diamond-coated tip, is guided to the point of narrowing in your coronary artery. The tip spins around at a high speed and grinds away the plaque on your artery walls. The microscopic particles are washed away in your blood stream and filtered out by your liver and spleen. This process is repeated as needed to allow for better blood flow. This procedure is rarely used today because balloon angioplasty and stenting have much better results and are technically easier for the cardiologist to perform.

  • Drug Eluting Stents- A drug eluting stent commonly called DES, slowly release a drug which prevents fibrosis & clots which could block the stented artery. The stent is usually placed by interventional cardiologist during angioplasty and one of the most preferred treatments.

Absorbable / Dissolvable Stent – the most recent development in interventional cardiology is the use of dissolvable or absorbable stents. Doctors are now using this revolutionary device made of dissolvable material.

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Interventional Cardiology Treatments for Angioplasty in India

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