Urology additionally called genitourinary surgery, is that the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female tract system and also the male reproductive organs. The organs underneath the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and also the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis).
The urinary and fruitful tracts are closely joined, and disorders of one usually have an effect on the other. Thus, a serious spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exists under the domain of genitourinary disorders. urology combines the management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) conditions, like urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, with the management of surgical conditions like bladder or prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injury, and stress incontinence.
The most common urology treatments are:
- Cryotherapy for Prostate Cancer
- Genital and Pelvic Reconstruction
- Partial Orchiechtomy
- Perineal Prostatectomy
- Radical Orchiectomy
It is also important for you to know the most common diseases that demand a urologist’s attention are:
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Increase in the size of the prostate gland.
- Urinary Incontinence: Loss of bladder control that lead to unnecessary leakage of urine.
- Urinary Tract Infections: Infections in the urinary tract caused by pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
- Kidney and Urethral Stones: The stones that travel from the kidney to the ureter and blocks the urine flow.
- Prostate Cancer: Cancer in the prostate gland.
- Bladder Cancer: When malignant cancer cells grow on the urinary bladder to form a tumor and spread in other parts of the body.
- Bladder Prolapse: When the tissues supporting the bladder weakens or stretches, it descends. This condition is called bladder prolapse and is more common amongst women.
- Hematuria: Blood in urine.
- Erectile Dysfunction: Inability to develop an erection during coitus.
- Prostatitis: Swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland
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