What is Spinal Fusion ?
The operation of spinal fusion is performed to correct issues related to the little bones of the spine. The fusion is primarily in deep trouble eliminating the pain that has been caused by abnormal motion of the vertebrae.
Spinal fusion is essentially performed within the body part region of the spine and is additionally wont to treat pectoral and cervical issues. fusion relieves symptoms of many back issues that includes –
• Degenerative disk disease
• Spinal stenosis
The basic role of spinal fusion with Instrumentation & Stabilization is to produce further spinal stability whereas setting-up associate surroundings for fusion. numerous types of medical instrumentation devices are developed to assist successful spinal fusion as bones tend to fuse effectively during a stabilised atmosphere with very little motion. Instrumentation may be a style of ingrained medical device that helps fusion set-up by limiting motion at the united phase. Sometimes manufactured from titanium or stainless steel, instrumentation devices usually are available in several shapes & sizes to suit specific set-ups.
Uses of Spinal Fusion
Spinal fusion is performed to treat or relieve symptoms of many spinal problems. The procedure removes mobility between the two treated vertebrae. This may decrease flexibility, but it’s useful for treating spinal disorders that make movement painful. These disorders include:
- spinal stenosis
- herniated “bulging” disks
- degenerative disk disease
- fractured vertebrae that may be making your spinal column unstable
- scoliosis (curvature of the spine)
- kyphosis (abnormal rounding of the upper spine)
spinal weakness or instability due to severe arthritis, tumors, or infections spondylolisthesis (a condition in which one vertebra slips onto the vertebra below it, causing severe pain)
A spinal fusion procedure may also include a diskectomy. When performed alone, a diskectomy involves removing a disk due to damage or disease. When the disk is removed, bone grafts are placed into the empty disk space to maintain the right height between bones. Your doctor uses the two vertebrae on either side of the removed disk to form a bridge (or fusion) across the bone grafts to promote long-term stability.
When spinal fusion is performed in the cervical spine along with a diskectomy, it’s called cervical fusion. Instead of removing a vertebra, the surgeon removes disks or bone spurs from the cervical spine, which is in the neck. There are seven vertebrae separated by intervertebral disks in the cervical spine.
Preparing for Spinal Fusion
Typically, the preparation for spinal fusion is like other surgical procedures. It requires preoperative laboratory testing. Before spinal fusion, you should tell your physician about any of the following:
cigarette smoking, which may reduce your ability to heal from spinal fusion alcohol use any illnesses you have, including colds, the flu, or herpes any prescription or over-the-counter medications you’re taking, including herbs and supplements.
You’ll want to discuss how the medications you’re taking should be used before and after the procedure. Your doctor may provide special instructions if you’re taking medications that could affect blood clotting. These include anticoagulants (blood thinners), such as warfarin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin and ibuprofen.
You’ll be given general anesthesia, so you’ll need to fast for at least eight hours before your procedure. On the day of surgery, use only a sip of water to take any medications your physician has recommended. Complications of Spinal Fusion.
Spinal fusion, like any surgery, carries the risk of certain complications, such as:-
- blood clots
- bleeding and blood loss
- respiratory problems
- heart attack or stroke during surgery
- inadequate wound healing
- reactions to medications or anesthesia
Spinal fusion also carries the risk of the following rare complications:
- infection in the treated vertebrae or wound.
- damage to a spinal nerve, which can cause weakness, pain, and bowel or bladder problems.
- additional stress on the bones adjacent to the fused vertebrae.
- persistent pain at the bone graft site.
- blood clots in the legs that can be life-threatening if they travel to the lungs.
The most serious complications are blood clots and infection, which are most likely to occur during the first weeks following surgery.
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