Best Brain Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

A brain tumor or cancer grows once irregular cells are formed inside the region of brain. There are mainly 2 varieties of tumors like cancerous tumors and non-cancerous tumors. Cancerouscancer123 tumors could also be categorized into primary tumors that grow inside the brain itself and such tumors that spread from some totally different part recognized as brain metastasis tumors. all types of brain tumors will produce symptoms and signs that vary in keeping with the regions of the brain involved. Brain Cancer may be a illness which can be diagnosed and analysed with a thorough remedial examination. It doesn’t refer a schedule sickness since for the most conditions, it’s terribly deadly. it always happens once one form of the brain tissue loses its general options and transforms and begins multiplying to formulate an irregular lump of cells called tumor. nevertheless, not all sort of brain tumors is cancerous. Non cancerous brain tumors don’t have any threat and should be with success separated.

Types of Brain Cancer

  • Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
  • Schwannoma
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Chordoma
  • Ptic nerve glioma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Pituitary neuroectodermal
  • Ganglioneuroma
  • Brain stem glioma
  • Pineal tumors
  • Meningioma
  • Primitive neuroectodermal
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Mixed glioma
  • Craniopharyngioma

Brain tumors can cause many symptoms. Some of the most common are

  • Headaches, often in the morning
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in your ability to talk, hear, or see
  • Problems with balance or walking
  • Problems with thinking or memory
  • Feeling weak or sleepy
  • Changes in your mood or behavior
  • Seizures

Doctors diagnose brain tumors by doing a neurologic exam and tests including an MRI, CT scan, and biopsy. Treatment options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Many people get a combination of treatments.

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-

Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exerting a limiting control for any substance to pass. Hence, most tracers would be able reach brain tumors only with the disruption of the BBB. The disruption of the BBB (blood-brain-barrier) can be detected by a MRI and CT.

Treatment for Brain Cancer

There are various methods undertaken by the doctors as treatment methods. However, some of them are mentioned here. Effective treatment for brain cancer must be personalized for each and every patient. Treatment schedules are depended on the victim’s brain-tumorgeneral health condition and age as well as the location, malignancy, type, size, and phase of the cancerous tumor. In most of the cases of brain cancer, radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy are the major kinds of treatment. Frequently, more than one treatment type is applied. India has come the best destination for Brain Cancer Treatment now a days due to availability of Most Advanced Technology & highly skill team of doctors, surgeons & para medical staff. One can gets best Brain Cancer Treatment in India very affordable Rates and assists you in facilitating you further lowest treatment cost for best medical treatment you are looking for.

The patient, family, and friends will have many questions about the tumor, the treatment, how treatment will affect the person, and the person’s long-term outlook (prognosis). So, everyone take needed precaution. Love and support is also needed.

Treatment for Brain Cancer

There are various methods undertaken by the doctors as treatment methods. However, some of them are mentioned here. Effective treatment for brain cancer must be personalized for each and every patient. Treatment schedules are depended on the victim’s general health condition and age as well as the location, malignancy, type, size, and phase of the cancerous tumor. In most of the cases of brain cancer, radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy are the major kinds of treatment. Frequently, more than one treatment type is applied. India has come the best destination for Brain Cancer Treatment now a days due to availability of Most Advanced Technology & highly skill team of doctors, surgeons & para medical staff. One can gets best Brain Cancer Treatment in India very affordable Rates and assists you in facilitating you further lowest treatment cost for best medical treatment you are looking for.

The patient, family, and friends will have many questions about the tumor, the treatment, how treatment will affect the person, and the person’s long-term outlook (prognosis). So, everyone take needed precaution. Love and support is also needed.

Surgery as the way of Treatment

Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for brain cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the brain cancer.

Additional treatment options for high-grade tumors include:

  • Radiation therapy: X-rays and other forms of radiation can destroy tumor cells or delay tumor growth.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells. It can be taken orally or intravenously.
  • Targeted therapy: The focus on a specific element of a cell, such as molecules or pathways required for cell growth, in order to use them as a target.
  • Tumor Treating Fields: (A wearable device) locally or regionally delivered treatment that produces electric fields to disrupt the rapid cell division exhibited by cancer cells by creating alternating, “wave-like” electric fields that travel across their region of usage in different directions. Because structures within dividing cells have an electric charge, they interact with these electric fields.

Best brain cancer hospitals in India are as follows:

  • Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Chennai
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Bangalore
  • Jaypee Hospital, Noida

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MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

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Best Brain Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India

What is Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly. cancer123Some are primary brain tumors, which start in the brain. Others are metastatic, and they start somewhere else in the body and move to the brain.

Brain tumors can cause many symptoms. Some of the most common are

  • Headaches, often in the morning
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in your ability to talk, hear, or see
  • Problems with balance or walking
  • Problems with thinking or memory
  • Feeling weak or sleepy
  • Changes in your mood or behavior
  • Seizures

Doctors diagnose brain tumors by doing a neurologic exam and tests including an MRI, CT scan, and biopsy. Treatment options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Many people get a combination of treatments.

Brain Tumor Treatment

Treatment for brain tumors depends on a number of factors including the type, location and size of the tumor as well as the patient’s age and general health. Treatment methods and schedules differ for children and adults.

Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Our doctors also are studying a vaccine for treating a recurrent cancer of the central nervous system that occurs primarily in the brain, known as glioma.

Depending on your needs, several methods may be used. Our team includes neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, nurses, a dietitian and a social worker, who work together to provide the best possible care.

Before treatment begins, most patients are given steroids, drugs that relieve swelling or edema. Your may receive anticonvulsant medicine to prevent or control seizures.

If hydrocephalus is present, you may need a shunt to drain cerebrospinal fluid. A shunt is a long, thin tube placed in a ventricle of the brain and then threaded under the skin to another part of the body, usually the abdomen. It works like a drainpipe. Excess fluid is carried away from the brain and is absorbed in the abdomen. In some cases, the fluid is drained into the heart.

Surgery as the way of Treatment

Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for brain cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the brain cancer.

Additional treatment options for high-grade tumors include:

  • Radiation therapy: X-rays and other forms of radiation can destroy tumor cells or delay tumor growth.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells. It can be taken orally or intravenously.
  • Targeted therapy: The focus on a specific element of a cell, such as molecules or pathways required for cell growth, in order to use them as a target.
  • Tumor Treating Fields: (A wearable device) locally or regionally delivered treatment that produces electric fields to disrupt the rapid cell division exhibited by cancer cells by creating alternating, “wave-like” electric fields that travel across their region of usage in different directions. Because structures within dividing cells have an electric charge, they interact with these electric fields.

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-

Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exerting a limiting control for any substance to pass. Hence, most tracers would be able reach brain tumors only with the disruption of the BBB. The disruption of the BBB (blood-brain-barrier) can be detected by a MRI and CT.

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MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

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Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India

Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India

Overview

A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells,cancer123 or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly. Some are primary brain tumors, which start in the brain. Others are metastatic, and they start somewhere else in the body and move to the brain.

 

 

Brain tumors can cause many symptoms. Some of the most common are:-

  • Headaches, often in the morning
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in your ability to talk, hear, or see
  • Problems with balance or walking
  • Problems with thinking or memory
  • Feeling weak or sleepy
  • Changes in your mood or behavior
  • Seizures

Doctors diagnose brain tumors by doing a neurologic exam and tests including an MRI, CT scan, and biopsy. Treatment options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Many people get a combination of treatments.

Brain Tumor Diagnosis:-

To find the cause of your symptoms, your doctor will ask about your personal and family medical history and perform a complete physical examination. In addition to checking general signs of health, your doctor will perform a neurologic exam. This includes checks for alertness, muscle strength, coordination, reflexes and response to pain. Your doctor also examines the eyes to look for swelling caused by a tumor pressing on the nerve that connects the eye and the brain.

Depending on the results of the physical and neurologic examinations, your doctor may request one or both of the following:

  • Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan — Computerized tomography (CT) or computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan is a series of detailed pictures of the brain, created by a computer linked to an X-ray machine. In some cases, a special dye is injected into a vein before the scan. The dye helps to show differences in the tissues of the brain.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) — Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides pictures of the brain, using a powerful magnet linked to a computer. MRI is especially useful in diagnosing brain tumors because it can “see” through the bones of the skull to the tissue underneath. A special dye may be used to enhance the likelihood of detecting a brain tumor.
  • Angiogram or Arteriogram — These tests are a series of X-rays taken after a special dye is injected into an artery, usually in the area where the abdomen joins the top of the leg. The dye, which flows through the blood vessels of the brain, can be seen on X-rays. These X-rays can show the tumor and connecting blood vessels.
  • Brain Scan — A brain scan reveals areas of abnormal growth in the brain and records them on special film. A small amount of a radioactive material is injected into a vein. This dye is absorbed by the tumor and the growth shows up on the film. The radiation leaves the body within six hours and is not dangerous.
  • Functional Imaging — This test utilizes MRI or magnetic source imaging to identify functional pathways in the brain (motor, visual, language) and alerts the surgeon to potential injury to these pathways during surgery before damage could occur.
  • Myelogram — A myelogram, sometimes called a lumbosacral spine X-ray, is an X-ray or computerized tomography (CT) scan of the spine. A special dye is injected into the cerebrospinal fluid in the spine and the patient is tilted to allow the dye to mix with the fluid. This test may be done when the doctor suspects a tumor in the spinal cord.
  • MR Spectroscopy — This is a modified MRI scan that shows metabolic activity within a brain tumor. This has largely replaced positron emission tomography (PET) scanning due to its superior resolution and accuracy.

Brain Tumor Treatment:-

Treatment for brain tumors depends on a number of factors including the type, location and size of the tumor as well as the patient’s age and general health. Treatment methods and schedules differ for children and adults.

Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Our doctors also are studying a vaccine for treating a recurrent cancer of the central nervous system that occurs primarily in the brain, known as glioma.

Depending on your needs, several methods may be used. Our team includes neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, nurses, a dietitian and a social worker, who work together to provide the best possible care.

Before treatment begins, most patients are given steroids, drugs that relieve swelling or edema. Your may receive anticonvulsant medicine to prevent or control seizures.

If hydrocephalus is present, you may need a shunt to drain cerebrospinal fluid. A shunt is a long, thin tube placed in a ventricle of the brain and then threaded under the skin to another part of the body, usually the abdomen. It works like a drainpipe. Excess fluid is carried away from the brain and is absorbed in the abdomen. In some cases, the fluid is drained into the heart.

Surgery

Surgery is the usual treatment for most brain tumors. To remove a brain tumor, a neurosurgeon makes an opening in the skull. This operation is called a craniotomy. Whenever possible, the surgeon attempts to remove the entire tumor. If the tumor cannot be completely removed without damaging vital brain tissue, your doctor may remove as much of the tumor as possible. Partial removal helps to relieve symptoms by reducing pressure on the brain and reduces the amount of tumor to be treated by radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

Some tumors cannot be removed. In such cases, your doctor may do only a biopsy. A small piece of the tumor is removed so that a pathologist can examine it under a microscope to determine the type of cells it contains. This helps your doctor decide which treatment to use.

Sometimes, a biopsy is done with a needle. Doctors use a special head frame and CT scans or MRI to pinpoint the exact location of the tumor. The surgeon makes a small hole in the skull and then guides a needle to the tumor. Using this technique to do a biopsy or for treatment is called stereotaxis.

Other advanced techniques during surgery include brain mapping to find functional pathways near tumors, endoscopy to perform biopsies and open spinal fluid pathways through a small scope and advanced frameless stereotaxic computer assisted tumor resections. Intraoperative MRI also is available to help maximize tumor removal.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, is the use of high-powered rays to damage cancer cells and stop them from growing. It is often used to destroy tumor tissue that cannot be removed with surgery or to kill cancer cells that may remain after surgery. Radiation therapy also is used when surgery is not possible.

Radiation therapy may be given in two ways. External radiation comes from a large machine. Generally, external radiation treatments are given five days a week for several weeks. The treatment schedule depends on the type and size of the tumor and your age. Giving the total dose of radiation over an extended period helps to protect healthy tissue in the area of the tumor.

External radiation may be directed just to the tumor, the surrounding tissue or the entire brain. Sometimes the radiation is also directed to the spinal cord. When the whole brain is treated, the patient often receives an extra dose of radiation to the area of the tumor. This boost can come from external radiation or from an implant.

Radiation also can come from radioactive material placed directly in the tumor, or implant radiation therapy. Depending on the material used, the implant may be left in the brain for a short time or permanently. Implants lose a little radioactivity each day. The patient stays in the hospital for several days while the radiation is most active.

The Gamma Knife, or stereotactic radiosurgery, is another way to treat brain tumors. The Gamma Knife isn’t actually a knife, but a radiation therapy technique that delivers a single, finely focused, high dose of radiation precisely to its target. Treatment is given in just one session. High-energy rays are aimed at the tumor from many angles. In this way, a high dose of radiation reaches the tumor without damaging other brain tissue.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The doctor may use just one drug or a combination, usually giving the drugs orally or by injection into a blood vessel or muscle. Intrathecal chemotherapy involves injecting the drugs into the cerebrospinal fluid.

Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles. A treatment period is followed by a recovery period, then another treatment period and so on. Patients often don’t need to stay in the hospital for treatment and most drugs can be given in the doctor’s office or clinic. However, depending on the drugs used, the way they are given and the patient’s general health, a short hospital stay may be necessary.

Advances in chemotherapy include direct placement into the tumor cavity using a new technique called convection enhanced delivery.

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MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

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Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India

Best Brain Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

A brain tumor or cancer grows once irregular cells are formed inside the region of brain. There are mainly 2 varieties of tumors like cancerous tumors and non-cancerous tumors. Cancerous tumors could also be categorized into primary tumors that grow inside the brain itself and such tumors that spread from some totally different part recognized as brain metastasis tumors.brain-cancer all types of brain tumors will produce symptoms and signs that vary in keeping with the regions of the brain involved. Brain Cancer may be a illness which can be diagnosed and analysed with a thorough remedial examination. It doesn’t refer a schedule sickness since for the most conditions, it’s terribly deadly. it always happens once one form of the brain tissue loses its general options and transforms and begins multiplying to formulate an irregular lump of cells called tumor. nevertheless, not all sort of brain tumors is cancerous. Non cancerous brain tumors don’t have any threat and should be with success separated.

Types of Brain Cancer

  • Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
  • Schwannoma
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Chordoma
  • Ptic nerve glioma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Pituitary neuroectodermal
  • Ganglioneuroma
  • Brain stem glioma
  • Pineal tumors
  • Meningioma
  • Primitive neuroectodermal
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Mixed glioma
  • Craniopharyngioma

Other symptoms for Brain Cancer can include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Difficulty speaking or remembering words
  • Disturbed vision, hearing, smell or taste
  • General irritability or a change in personality – this is sometimes noticed only by family or friends
  • Drowsiness

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-

Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exerting a limiting control for any substance to pass. Hence, most tracers would be able reach brain tumors only with the disruption of the BBB. The disruption of the BBB (blood-brain-barrier) can be detected by a MRI and CT.

Treatment for Brain Cancer

There are various methods undertaken by the doctors as treatment methods. However, some of them are mentioned here. Effective treatment for brain cancer must be personalized for each and every patient. 321Treatment schedules are depended on the victim’s general health condition and age as well as the location, malignancy, type, size, and phase of the cancerous tumor. In most of the cases of brain cancer, radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy are the major kinds of treatment. Frequently, more than one treatment type is applied. India has come the best destination for Brain Cancer Treatment now a days due to availability of Most Advanced Technology & highly skill team of doctors, surgeons & para medical staff. One can gets best Brain Cancer Treatment in India very affordable Rates and assists you in facilitating you further lowest treatment cost for best medical treatment you are looking for.

The patient, family, and friends will have many questions about the tumor, the treatment, how treatment will affect the person, and the person’s long-term outlook (prognosis). So, everyone take needed precaution. Love and support is also needed.

Surgery as the way of Treatment

Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for brain cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the brain cancer.

Additional treatment options for high-grade tumors include:

  • Radiation therapy: X-rays and other forms of radiation can destroy tumor cells or delay tumor growth.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells. It can be taken orally or intravenously.
  • Targeted therapy: The focus on a specific element of a cell, such as molecules or pathways required for cell growth, in order to use them as a target.
  • Tumor Treating Fields: (A wearable device) locally or regionally delivered treatment that produces electric fields to disrupt the rapid cell division exhibited by cancer cells by creating alternating, “wave-like” electric fields that travel across their region of usage in different directions. Because structures within dividing cells have an electric charge, they interact with these electric fields.

Best brain cancer hospitals in India are as follows:

  • Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Chennai
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  • Columbia Asia
  • Jaypee Hospital, Noida

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

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Best Brain Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

Brain Cancer Treatment in India

Brain Cancer

The words strike fear in the heart of anyone suffering from one. It once was considered as one of the most frightful events that could occur. Though, the treatment of brain cancer is extremely difficult because of polyclonicity, the Blood: Brain barrier, the diffuse infiltrative nature of these tumors, and the perilous location of some tumors. However, brain_2012_largewith improving technology and the gradual unfolding of scientific understanding of the basic biology of brain tumors, patients and families can look to the future with considerably more hope. Hence with Brain Cancer Surgery performed using these modern methods makes the patient stand up with courage and confidence.

Types of Brain Cancer

A brain tumor can result in a number of neurological problems. There are many types of brain tumors. Some common tumors are:-

  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Astrocytoma:
    • Grade I – Pilocytic Astrocytoma
    • Grade II – Low-grade Astrocytoma
    • Grade III – Anaplastic Astrocytoma
    • Grade IV – Glioblastoma (GBM)
  • Chordoma
  • CNS Lymphoma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Other Gliomas:
    • Brain Stem Glioma
    • Ependymoma
    • Mixed Glioma
    • Optic Nerve Glioma
    • Subependymoma
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Meningioma
  • Metastatic Brain Tumors
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Pituitary Tumors
  • Primitive Neuroectodermal (PNET)
  • Other Brain-Related Conditions
  • Schwannoma

Symptoms for Brain Cancer can include:-

  • Hearing loss in one ear
  • Dizziness or vertigo
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ear)
  • Tingling or numbness in the face
  • Walking and balance problems
  • Lack of coordination

Latest and Advanced Treatment options for Brain Tumor in India:-

Brain Tumor is no more a scary health condition as modern technology and advanced surgical modalities now offer near perfect clinical outcomes and the patients can soon return to normal life after surgery.

pontine_glioma_brain_cancer_1354_x

  • Brain Suite – Intra-operative MR Navigation Microsurgery
  • Trans-Nasal Endoscopic Removal of brain Tumor through the nose
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery – Gamma Knife & Novalis TX
  • Tumor Embolization using Neuro Interventional Radiology
  • CyberKnife Radiosurgery

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

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Brain Cancer Treatment in India

Advanced Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumours in India

 

 What are brain tumours?

A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain. It arises from glial cells of the brain, lymphatic tissues, nerves and meninges. Benign brain tumours grow slowly but they can compress adjacent parts of the brain. Malignant tumours grow rapidly and they invade adjacent structures of the brain. Brain tumours are graded according to the nature of cell growth. Grade I and II tumours are grouped as low-grade, whereas grade III and IV are grouped as high-grade tumours. Prognosis is better in low-grade or benign tumours.

The following types of brain tumours are seen commonly:

In children: Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma, craniopharyngioma, medulloblastoma, brainstem glioma and germ cell tumours.

In adults: Astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, ependymoma, meningioma, vestibular schwannoma and lymphoma. Cancers from other parts of the body can also spread to brain.

What are the common symptoms of brain tumours?

* Headaches, usually in the morning

* Vomiting

* Convulsions or seizures

* Weakness in limbs

* Loss of balance while walking

* Altered speech or vision

* Altered behaviour

* Loss of orientation

* Memory lapses

How are brain tumours diagnosed?

* Imaging: CT scan or MRI scan of brain is commonly performed.

* Biopsy: A piece of tumour is removed for examination by open surgery or in stereotactic fashion using rigid frame to fix skull and localizing tumour under guidance of CT scan or MRI.

 How are brain tumours treated?

 Brain tumours are treated by surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy, or a combination of these. The choice of treatment depends upon the age of the patient, type of tumour, its location, size and grade.

* Surgery: Maximum safe resection of the tumour or at least a biopsy is the standard goal of surgery.

* Radiation therapy: Radiation kills tumour cells with high energy X-rays, gamma rays or protons. It is usually started after surgery and given over 5-6 weeks.

* Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It is given orally or through veins. It is given concomitantly with radiation therapy in high-grade tumours. It is also given in recurrent brain tumours after failure of initial treatment.

What are the advances in radiation therapy of brain tumours?

* 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy (3D-CRT) and Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT):

CT scan and MRI are used to delineate the tumour and computers are used for radiation planning. Only the tumour and the high-risk region surrounding the tumour is radiated, avoiding radiation to the normal structures in the brain.

* Stereotactic Radio-surgery (SRS) and Stereotactic Radiotherapy (SRT): Highly precise immobilization and image guidance system is used for treatment of selected brain tumours. High dose of radiation is delivered only to the tumour with very minimal spillage of dose to the rest of the sensitive brain structures. Stereotactic radiotherapy is preferred in children. Stereotactic radio-surgery delivering high-dose of radiation in single or a very few sessions is performed in adults with tumours such as metastatic residual glioma, meningioma and schwannoma. Novalis-Tx and Cyberknife are advanced machines to deliver such high-precision therapy.

* High-definition Rapid Arc: This is the latest software advancement in radiation planning technology. Radiation is delivered in continuous fashion moving the machine head and its small components simultaneously around the patient’s head targeting the tumour by infinite small radiation beams. Radiation treatment with such a technique is highly precise and fast. This is preferred in children and elderly patients who cannot lie on treatment couches for long periods.

* Proton beam therapy: Proton therapy avoids spillage of radiation dose to the surrounding brain. It is preferred in children as well as in patients with recurrent tumours who have received radiation therapy earlier.

Advanced Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumours in India

Most Advanced Technology for Brain Tumours Treatment in India

Brain Tumors Brain and spinal cord tumors are abnormal growths of tissue found inside the skull or on the spine. Any tumor (cancerous or non-cancerous) located near the central nervous system (brain or spinal cord) can pose a threat to health. Symptoms of brain tumors include headaches, seizures, nausea and vomiting, vision or hearing problems, behavioral and cognitive problems, motor problems, and balance problems.For a tumor that can be removed without unacceptable risk of neurological damage, surgery to remove as much tumor as possible is usually the first step in treatment. Some tumors may be inaccessible or inoperable tumor because of the risk of severe nervous system damage.

Types of Brain Tumors
MeningiomaA meningioma is a slow-growing tumor that develops from the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. These tumors are usually benign but some may be malignant. However even “benign” tumors can grow and constrict and affect the brain, which may cause disability and may even be life threatening. Because meningiomas grow slowly, it may reach a relatively large size before it causes symptoms. Other meningiomas grow rapidly or have sudden growth spurts. Standard treatment is to remove the tumor, the portion of the lining of the brain or spinal cord where it is attached and any bone involved. Complete removal of the tumor is sometimes possible.
Pituitary TumorA pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland, the part of the brain that regulates the body’s balance of hormones. The most common treatment for pituitary tumors is surgery. The decision to pursue surgical treatment depends on the type, location and size of tumor, and the patient’s age and overall health. Most of the time, pituitary tumors can be removed through the nose and sinuses without an exernal incision. However, some tumors cannot be removed this way and will require removal through the skull with an incision in the scalp. Astrocytoma Tumors Astrocytoma tumors are the most common glioma, accounting for about half of all primary brain and spinal cord tumors.
Other symptoms for Brain Tumours can include:

How is Brain Tumors Diagnosed?

What are the advances in radiation therapy of Brain Tumours?

Most Advanced Technology for Brain Tumours Treatment in India

Most Advanced Technology for Brain Tumours Treatment in India