Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India

What is Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly. cancer123Some are primary brain tumors, which start in the brain. Others are metastatic, and they start somewhere else in the body and move to the brain.

Brain tumors can cause many symptoms. Some of the most common are

  • Headaches, often in the morning
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in your ability to talk, hear, or see
  • Problems with balance or walking
  • Problems with thinking or memory
  • Feeling weak or sleepy
  • Changes in your mood or behavior
  • Seizures

Doctors diagnose brain tumors by doing a neurologic exam and tests including an MRI, CT scan, and biopsy. Treatment options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Many people get a combination of treatments.

Brain Tumor Treatment

Treatment for brain tumors depends on a number of factors including the type, location and size of the tumor as well as the patient’s age and general health. Treatment methods and schedules differ for children and adults.

Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Our doctors also are studying a vaccine for treating a recurrent cancer of the central nervous system that occurs primarily in the brain, known as glioma.

Depending on your needs, several methods may be used. Our team includes neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, nurses, a dietitian and a social worker, who work together to provide the best possible care.

Before treatment begins, most patients are given steroids, drugs that relieve swelling or edema. Your may receive anticonvulsant medicine to prevent or control seizures.

If hydrocephalus is present, you may need a shunt to drain cerebrospinal fluid. A shunt is a long, thin tube placed in a ventricle of the brain and then threaded under the skin to another part of the body, usually the abdomen. It works like a drainpipe. Excess fluid is carried away from the brain and is absorbed in the abdomen. In some cases, the fluid is drained into the heart.

Surgery as the way of Treatment

Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for brain cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the brain cancer.

Additional treatment options for high-grade tumors include:

  • Radiation therapy: X-rays and other forms of radiation can destroy tumor cells or delay tumor growth.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells. It can be taken orally or intravenously.
  • Targeted therapy: The focus on a specific element of a cell, such as molecules or pathways required for cell growth, in order to use them as a target.
  • Tumor Treating Fields: (A wearable device) locally or regionally delivered treatment that produces electric fields to disrupt the rapid cell division exhibited by cancer cells by creating alternating, “wave-like” electric fields that travel across their region of usage in different directions. Because structures within dividing cells have an electric charge, they interact with these electric fields.

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-

Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exerting a limiting control for any substance to pass. Hence, most tracers would be able reach brain tumors only with the disruption of the BBB. The disruption of the BBB (blood-brain-barrier) can be detected by a MRI and CT.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

 

 

Advertisements
Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India

Advanced Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumours in India

 

 What are brain tumours?

A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain. It arises from glial cells of the brain, lymphatic tissues, nerves and meninges. Benign brain tumours grow slowly but they can compress adjacent parts of the brain. Malignant tumours grow rapidly and they invade adjacent structures of the brain. Brain tumours are graded according to the nature of cell growth. Grade I and II tumours are grouped as low-grade, whereas grade III and IV are grouped as high-grade tumours. Prognosis is better in low-grade or benign tumours.

The following types of brain tumours are seen commonly:

In children: Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma, craniopharyngioma, medulloblastoma, brainstem glioma and germ cell tumours.

In adults: Astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, ependymoma, meningioma, vestibular schwannoma and lymphoma. Cancers from other parts of the body can also spread to brain.

What are the common symptoms of brain tumours?

* Headaches, usually in the morning

* Vomiting

* Convulsions or seizures

* Weakness in limbs

* Loss of balance while walking

* Altered speech or vision

* Altered behaviour

* Loss of orientation

* Memory lapses

How are brain tumours diagnosed?

* Imaging: CT scan or MRI scan of brain is commonly performed.

* Biopsy: A piece of tumour is removed for examination by open surgery or in stereotactic fashion using rigid frame to fix skull and localizing tumour under guidance of CT scan or MRI.

 How are brain tumours treated?

 Brain tumours are treated by surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy, or a combination of these. The choice of treatment depends upon the age of the patient, type of tumour, its location, size and grade.

* Surgery: Maximum safe resection of the tumour or at least a biopsy is the standard goal of surgery.

* Radiation therapy: Radiation kills tumour cells with high energy X-rays, gamma rays or protons. It is usually started after surgery and given over 5-6 weeks.

* Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It is given orally or through veins. It is given concomitantly with radiation therapy in high-grade tumours. It is also given in recurrent brain tumours after failure of initial treatment.

What are the advances in radiation therapy of brain tumours?

* 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy (3D-CRT) and Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT):

CT scan and MRI are used to delineate the tumour and computers are used for radiation planning. Only the tumour and the high-risk region surrounding the tumour is radiated, avoiding radiation to the normal structures in the brain.

* Stereotactic Radio-surgery (SRS) and Stereotactic Radiotherapy (SRT): Highly precise immobilization and image guidance system is used for treatment of selected brain tumours. High dose of radiation is delivered only to the tumour with very minimal spillage of dose to the rest of the sensitive brain structures. Stereotactic radiotherapy is preferred in children. Stereotactic radio-surgery delivering high-dose of radiation in single or a very few sessions is performed in adults with tumours such as metastatic residual glioma, meningioma and schwannoma. Novalis-Tx and Cyberknife are advanced machines to deliver such high-precision therapy.

* High-definition Rapid Arc: This is the latest software advancement in radiation planning technology. Radiation is delivered in continuous fashion moving the machine head and its small components simultaneously around the patient’s head targeting the tumour by infinite small radiation beams. Radiation treatment with such a technique is highly precise and fast. This is preferred in children and elderly patients who cannot lie on treatment couches for long periods.

* Proton beam therapy: Proton therapy avoids spillage of radiation dose to the surrounding brain. It is preferred in children as well as in patients with recurrent tumours who have received radiation therapy earlier.

Advanced Radiation Therapy for Brain Tumours in India