Liver Cancer or hepatic tumor could be a cancer of Liver. There are many varieties differing types|differing kinds} of tumours that may develop within the liver as liver is formed of various cell types. These growths is benign or malignant. Cancerous tumours will begin in liver and spread to alternative areas of your body, through your blood or your lymphatic system. This unfold of cancer is termed metastasis. Tumours can also unfold from alternative components of your body, like from your bowel, breast or lungs, to your liver.
Knowing the signs helps a doctor to create an accurate diagnosis call regarding the cancer stage and its treatment. The below-mentioned factors signal regarding cancer, and if you observe these for a extended period, consult a doctor for treatment.
Most people don’t have signs and symptoms in the early stages of primary liver cancer. When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include:
- Losing weight without trying
- Loss of appetite
- Upper abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- General weakness and fatigue
- Abdominal swelling
- Yellow discoloration of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice) White, chalky stools.
In cancer care, differing kinds of doctors typically work along to create a patient’s overall treatment set up that combines differing kinds of treatments.. Cancer care groups also include a spread of alternative health care professionals, as well as physician assistants, medicine nurses, social workers, pharmacists, counselors, dietitians, and others.
Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors:
- How much of the liver is affected by the cancer
- Whether the cancer has spread
- The patient’s preferences and overall health
- The damage to the remaining cancer-free area of the liver.
When a tumor is found at associate early stage and therefore the patient’s liver is functioning well, treatment is aimed at attempting to eliminate the cancer. The care arrange may additionally include treatment for symptoms and aspect effects, a very important a part of cancer care once liver cancer is found at a later stage, or the patient’s liver isn’t operating well, the patient and doctor should talk about the goals of every treatment recommendation. At now, the goals of treatment could specialize in slowing growth of the cancer and relieving symptoms to improve quality of life.
The various disease-directed treatment options can be grouped according to whether they may cure the cancer or will improve survival but will most likely not eliminate the cancer. Descriptions of the most common treatment options, both disease-directed and those aimed at managing side effects and symptoms, are listed below. Take time to learn about your treatment options and be sure to ask questions about things that are unclear. Also, talk about the goals of each treatment with your doctor and what you can expect while receiving the treatment.
Two types of surgery are used to treat.
- Hepatectomy :-when a portion of the liver is removed, the surgery is named a hepatectomy. A hepatectomy will be done provided that the cancer is in one a part of the liver and also the liver is functioning well. The remaining section of liver takes over the functions of the whole liver. The liver might grow back to its traditional size at intervals many weeks. A hepatectomy might not be possible if the patient has advanced cirrhosis, even if the tumour is little.
The side effects of a hepatectomy may include pain, weakness, fatigue, and temporary liver failure. The health care team will watch for signs of bleeding, infection, liver failure, or other problems that need immediate treatment.
- Liver transplantation. Sometimes, a liver transplantation can be done. This procedure is possible only when the cancer has not spread outside the liver, a suitable donor is found, and very specific criteria are met in terms of tumor size and number. These criteria usually are a single tumor 5 cm or smaller or 3 or fewer tumors, all of which are smaller than 3 cm. It is important to understand that the number of donor livers available is very limited, so transplantation is not always an option.
After a transplant, the patient will be watched closely for signs that the body might be rejecting the new liver or that the tumor has come back. The patient must take medication to prevent rejection. These drugs can cause side effects, such as puffiness in the face, high blood pressure, or increased body hair.
Liver transplantation is a particularly effective treatment for people with a small tumor because transplantation removes the tumor and the damaged liver. However, there are few donors, and people waiting for a liver transplant may have to wait for a long time before a liver becomes available. During this time, the disease may get worse. The transplant center will advise you on how long the wait is likely to be and what rules are used to prioritize people on the waiting list.
Diagnosing liver cancer
Tests and procedures used to diagnose liver cancer include:
- Blood tests. Blood tests may reveal liver function abnormalities.
- Imaging tests. Your doctor may recommend imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- Removing a sample of liver tissue for testing. Your doctor may recommend removing a piece of liver tissue for laboratory testing in order to make a definitive diagnosis of liver cancer.
- Ultrasound test — The ultrasound device uses sound waves that cannot be heard by humans. The sound waves produce a pattern of echoes as they bounce off internal organs. The echoes create a picture (sonogram) of the liver and other organs in the abdomen. Tumors may produce echoes that are different from the echoes made by healthy tissues.
- MRI — A powerful magnet linked to a computer is used to make detailed pictures of areas inside the body. These pictures are viewed on a monitor and can also be printed.
- Angiogram — For an angiogram, the patient may be in the hospital and may have anesthesia. The doctor injects dye into an artery so that the blood vessels in the liver show up on an x-ray. The angiogram can reveal a tumor in the liver.
- Biopsy — In some cases, the doctor may remove a sample of tissue. A pathologist uses a microscope to look for cancer cells in the tissue. The doctor may obtain tissue in several ways. One way is by inserting a thin needle into the liver to remove a small amount of tissue. This is called fine-needle aspiration. The doctor may use CT or ultrasound to guide the needle. Sometimes the doctor obtains a sample of tissue with a thick needle (core biopsy) or by inserting a thin, lighted tube (laparoscope) into a small incision in the abdomen. Another way is to remove tissue during an operation.
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