Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery In India

Heart Valve Replacement Surgery:

Heart valve replacement surgery is a procedure by which surgeons remove a damaged heart valve and substitute it with grafts or parts from body tissues or with synthetic heart valves to restore the normal functioning of the heart.valve-replacement13

Heart valve replacement surgery is done under general anaesthesia and takes about four to five hours. The surgery is done either as an open-heart surgery where in the patient is put on a heart lung machine or rarely as beating heart surgery without the use of heart lung machine, while the patient’s heart is normally beating.

Symptoms:

If the heart valve(s) becomes damaged or diseased, a person may experience the following symptoms:

  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Palpitations
  • Edema (swelling) of the feet, ankles, or abdomen
  • Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention.

Valve replacement Surgery procedure:

The patient is put under general anaesthesia and connected to the heart lung machine. This machine takes over the pumping, circulatory, and respiratory functions of the heart and lung till the surgical procedure is going on.

The valves are accessed by cutting open the rib cage and accessing the heart directly. The old valves are sliced from their attachments and new valves are put in their place. The new valves may be obtained from a cadaveric donor, or an animal (pig) or it may be made of a nonreactive inert material.

The patient needs to be given anticoagulants or immunosuppressive to clotting of blood or rejection of organ. The prognosis of this surgery is good. It is many a time a life-saving and life extending surgery.

Types of Heart Valve Replacement:-

Open-heart valve replacement surgery It is a surgical procedure wherein the patient’s heart is exposed in the operation theatre and surgery is performed on the internal structures of the heart. During the surgery, the patient is placed on a heart-lung machine that allows blood to flow through the heart while the surgery is being performed.

Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery: Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, also known as Keyhole surgery, is performed by making small incisions of about 3 to 4 inches in the heart muscle, through specialized surgical instruments. In most cases, minimally invasive heart surgery focuses on Mitral valve repair, Aortic valve repair and Tricuspid valve repair.

Valvuloplasty : It is a technique wherein the stiff aortic valves are treated with the help of a balloon catheter. The balloon is positioned in the aortic valve and subsequently inflated to expand the size of the valve, leading to improved blood flow.

Double and Triple Valve Repair and Replacement in India

Double valve repair and replacement procedure aims at correcting or replacing both these damaged valves (aortic & mitral together) with new functional valves. This is done through the open heart surgery. Triple valve replacement repair and replacement means repair or replacement of three valves of the heart.

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Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery In India

Why You Should Always Have a Second Medical Opinion?

Not every doctor will have the same opinion when it comes to diagnosis and treatments options. A doctor’s opinion is guided by several factors such as available technology, their education and their own experience dealing with a particular health condition.

Many patients have been in the difficult position of querying their doctor’s medical opinion. And in many cases, it is only natural to have medical questions like:

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Second Medical OpinionOn line second opinion is a boon for people who live in remote areas or who are otherwise unable to travel to the physical location of the hospital due to geographic or financial constraints.

Patients can seek specialists’ advice and also relevant treatment suggestions, all within the comfort of their homes.One of the most important areas where online doctor consultation can be of immense benefit is seeking a Second Medical Opinion. Many people do not explore alternatives simply because they do not know how to go about it, or because they think it might be very expensive or inconvenient to consult another specialist whose clinic may be thousands of kilometres away. Imagine the financial implications, the hassle of travelling while you are sick, finding suitable accommodation and many other inconveniences.

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Why You Should Always Have a Second Medical Opinion?

As patients are expected to make more decisions about their care, they must have access to the best information about those decisions. Seeking out multiple sources of expert advice is one of the best ways to gather this information before proceeding with a treatment plan. Don’t think of it as an end-run around your doctor: think of it as assembling the best team possible to guide you through some critical, potentially life-altering choices.

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Medical doctors have different personalities, different experiences and different training. Some physicians are more conservative and others are more aggressive. It might be a good idea to get a different perspective. Get a second opinion for your peace of mind!

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The medical and especially imaging industry knowledge base has dramatically expanded with the advent of such technologies as MRI, multi detector-row CT (MDCT), PET/CT, and many new treatment options and surgeries. Keeping up with the latest advances is becoming a challenge for all doctors. No one can be an expert in everything, so medical subspecialists have evolved.

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Why You Should Always Have a Second Medical Opinion?