Most Advanced Pediatric Heart Surgery in India

Pediatric heart surgery.

Heart surgery in children is done to repair heart defects a child is born with (congenital heart defects) and heart diseases a child gets after birth that need surgery. The surgery is needed for the child’s well being.

There are several sorts of heart defects. Some are minor, and others area unit additional serious. pediatric-heart-surgery-1Defects will occur within the center or within the large blood vessels outside the heart. Some heart defects might have surgery right when the baby is born. For others, your kid could also be ready to safely wait for months or years to have surgery.
One surgery could also be enough to repair the heart defect, but typically a series of procedures is required. 3 completely different techniques for fixing congenital defects of the heart in children are described below.

Open-heart surgery is when the surgeon uses a heart-lung bypass machine.

  • An incision is made through the breastbone (sternum) while the child is under general anesthesia (the child is asleep and pain free).
  • Tubes are used to re-route the blood through a special pump called a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine adds oxygen to the blood and keeps the blood warm and moving through the rest of the body while the surgeon is repairing the heart.
  • Using the machine allows the heart to be stopped. Stopping the heart makes it possible to repair the heart muscle itself, the heart valves, or the blood vessels outside the heart. After the repair is done, the heart is started again, and the machine is removed. The breastbone and the skin incision are then closed.

For some heart defect repairs, the incision is made on the side of the chest, between the ribs. This is called a thoracotomy. It is sometimes called closed-heart surgery. This surgery may be done using special instruments and a camera.

Another way to fix defects in the heart is to insert small tubes into an artery in the leg and pass them up to the heart. Only some heart defects can be repaired this way.

The most common heart ailments in children are:

  • Fallot’s tetralogy
  • Ventricular Septal Defect
  • Atrial Septal Defect
  • Valvular defects
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Aortic coarctation
  • Tricuspid atresia

Procedure

There are various techniques to perform pediatric heart surgery, depending upon the heart defect the child is suffering from and the medical condition and age of the patient. Besides, the defects can be inside the heart or in large blood vessels outside the heart. Sometimes, one surgery may be enough to repair the defect, but sometimes a series of procedures are required to completely correct the defect.

Three different techniques are used to fix congenital heart defects in children described as below:

  1. Open-heart surgery is when the surgeon uses a heart-lung bypass machine. It is done under general anesthesia
    • Incision is made through the breastbone (sternum)
    • Tubes are used to re-route the blood through a special pump called a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine adds oxygen to the blood and keeps the blood warm and moving through the rest of the body while the surgeon is repairing the heart.
    • Using the machine allows the heart to be stopped. Stopping the heart makes it possible to repair the heart muscle itself, the heart valves, or the blood vessels outside the heart. After the repair is done, the heart is started again, and the machine is removed. The breastbone and the skin incisions are then closed.
  2. Thoracotomy- Also known as closed heart surgery, during this type of surgery, the incision is made on the side of the chest, between the ribs. This type of surgery is done using special instruments and a camera.
  3. The other technique uses small tubes to be inserted in the heart through an artery in the leg. Only some heart defects can be repaired this way.

Why is the Procedure required?

If the following warning signs are found in children, it indicates that a surgery is required:

  • Blue or gray skin, nail beds and lips. These symptoms indicate that there is not enough oxygen in the blood (hypoxia).
  • If the child has difficulty in breathing because the lungs are “wet,” congested, or filled with fluid (heart failure).
  • If there exists problems in heart rhythm (arrhythmias) or heart rate.
  • If there is lack of growth and development of a child. And the child is not able to sleep and eat properly.

Risks for any surgery are:

  • Bleeding during surgery or in the days after surgery
  • Bad reactions to medicines
  • Problems breathing
  • Infection

Additional risks of heart surgery are:

  • Blood clots (thrombi)
  • Air bubbles (air emboli)
  • Pneumonia
  • Heartbeat problems (arrhythmias)
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke

Before the Procedure

If your child is talking, tell them about the surgery. If you have a preschool-aged child, tell them the day before what will happen. Say, for example, “We are going to the hospital to stay for a few days. The doctor is going to do an operation on your heart to make it work better.”

If your child is older, start talking about the procedure 1 week before the surgery. You should involve the child’s life specialist (someone who helps children and their families during times like major surgery) and show the child the hospital and surgical areas.

Your child may need many different tests:

  • Blood tests (complete blood count, electrolytes, clotting factors, and “cross match”)
  • X-rays of the chest
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG, or ECG)
  • Echocardiogram (ECHO, or ultrasound of the heart)
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • History and physical

Always tell your child’s health care provider what medicines your child is taking. Include drugs, herbs, and vitamins you bought without a prescription.

During the days before the surgery:

  • If your child is taking blood thinners (drugs that make it hard for blood to clot), such as warfarin (Coumadin) or heparin, talk with your child’s provider about when to stop giving these drugs to the child.
  • Ask which drugs the child should still take on the day of the surgery.

On the day of the surgery:

  • Your child will most often be asked not to drink or eat anything after midnight the night before the surgery.
  • Give your child any drugs you have been told to give with a small sip of water.
  • You will be told when to arrive at the hospital.

After the Procedure

Most children who have open-heart surgery need to stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for 2 to 4 days right after surgery. They most often stay in the hospital for 5 to 7 more days after they leave the ICU. Stays in the intensive care unit and the hospital are often shorter for people who have closed-heart surgery.

During their time in the ICU, your child will have:

  • A tube in the airway (endotracheal tube) and a respirator to help with breathing. Your child will be kept sleeping (sedated) while on the respirator.
  • One or more small tubes in a vein (IV line) to give fluids and medicines.
  • A small tube in an artery (arterial line).
  • One or 2 chest tubes to drain air, blood, and fluid from the chest cavity.
  • A tube through the nose into the stomach (nasogastric tube) to empty the stomach and deliver medicines and feedings for several days.
  • A tube in the bladder to drain and measure the urine for several days.
  • Many electrical lines and tubes used to monitor the child.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

Most Advanced Pediatric Heart Surgery in India

Best Pediatric Heart Surgery Hospitals in India

Pediatric Heart Surgery

The news that your kid needs heart surgery isn’t easy to listen to. we tend to understand that you simply can have several queries and concerns about the surgical process and what you’ll expect.pediatric-cardiac  The expert cardiac surgeons and specially-trained staff at Sacred Heart Children’s Hospital can support your family through every turn.
Our pediatric cardiac surgeons are highly regarded for his or her experience in a very broad vary of congenital repairs.
Your child’s viscus surgery are going to be performed by pediatric cardiac surgeons in one in all the nation’s most advanced surgery centers. Providence Sacred Heart could be a leader within the treatment of heart disease and our extremely trained team offers a wealth of experience in traditional procedures, still as innovative techniques.
As a partner in your child’s cardiac care, we are going to work closely together with your referring physician to help ensure coordinated care throughout your lodge in the hospital and once you come back home.

Why the Procedure is Performed

Some heart defects need repair soon after birth. For others, it is better to wait months or years. Certain heart defects may not need to be repaired.

In general, symptoms that indicate that surgery is needed are:

  • Blue or gray skin, lips, and nail beds (cyanosis). These symptoms mean there is not enough oxygen in the blood (hypoxia).
  • Difficulty breathing because the lungs are “wet,” congested, or filled with fluid (heart failure).
  • Problems with heart rate or heart rhythm (arrhythmias).
  • Poor feeding or sleeping, and lack of growth and development of the child.

Risks for any surgery are:

  • Bleeding during surgery or in the days after surgery
  • Bad reactions to medicines
  • Problems breathing
  • Infection

Additional risks of heart surgery are:

  • Blood clots (thrombi)
  • Air bubbles (air emboli)
  • Pneumonia
  • Heartbeat problems (arrhythmias)
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke

Before the Procedure

If your child is talking, tell them about the surgery. If you have a preschool-aged child, tell them the day before what will happen. Say, for example, “We are going to the hospital to stay for a few days. The doctor is going to do an operation on your heart to make it work better.”

If your child is older, start talking about the procedure 1 week before the surgery. You should involve the child’s life specialist (someone who helps children and their families during times like major surgery) and show the child the hospital and surgical areas.

Your child may need many different tests:

  • Blood tests (complete blood count, electrolytes, clotting factors, and “cross match”)
  • X-rays of the chest
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG, or ECG)
  • Echocardiogram (ECHO, or ultrasound of the heart)
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • History and physical

Always tell your child’s health care provider what medicines your child is taking. Include drugs, herbs, and vitamins you bought without a prescription.

During the days before the surgery:

  • If your child is taking blood thinners (drugs that make it hard for blood to clot), such as warfarin (Coumadin) or heparin, talk with your child’s provider about when to stop giving these drugs to the child.
  • Ask which drugs the child should still take on the day of the surgery.

On the day of the surgery:

  • Your child will most often be asked not to drink or eat anything after midnight the night before the surgery.
  • Give your child any drugs you have been told to give with a small sip of water.
  • You will be told when to arrive at the hospital.

After the Procedure

Most children who have open-heart surgery need to stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for 2 to 4 days right after surgery. They most often stay in the hospital for 5 to 7 more days after they leave the ICU. Stays in the intensive care unit and the hospital are often shorter for people who have closed-heart surgery.

During their time in the ICU, your child will have:

  • A tube in the airway (endotracheal tube) and a respirator to help with breathing. Your child will be kept sleeping (sedated) while on the respirator.
  • One or more small tubes in a vein (IV line) to give fluids and medicines.
  • A small tube in an artery (arterial line).
  • One or 2 chest tubes to drain air, blood, and fluid from the chest cavity.
  • A tube through the nose into the stomach (nasogastric tube) to empty the stomach and deliver medicines and feedings for several days.
  • A tube in the bladder to drain and measure the urine for several days.
  • Many electrical lines and tubes used to monitor the child.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Best Pediatric Heart Surgery Hospitals in India

Atrial Septal Defect Repair in India | Heart Hole Surgery in India

images

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), more commonly known as ‘Hole in the Heart’ is a Congenital Heart Disease present at birth. Atrial Septal Defect is a hole in the wall (septum) that separates the upper chambers (atria) of the heart into right and left atrium. This hole (defect) can be between 0.5 – 2 cm in diameter. Some of the oxygenated blood flows from the left atrium to the right atrium which contains blood that is poor in oxygen. This mixing increases the volume of blood in the right atrium that will be carried to the lungs for oxygenation, thus increasing the burden on the lungs to perform it’s function. Atrial Septal Defect is a common Congenital Heart Disease that can sometimes be asymptomatic in children. Atrial Septal Defect is the second most common Congenital Heart Disease (about 6 – 8% of all Congenital Heart Disease) and is more common in girls.

What are the types of Atrial Septal Defect?

Depending on the location of hole in the atrial wall, Atrial Septal Defect can be of 3 types:

  • Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect – In this type of Congenital Heart Disease, the Atrial Septal Defect is present in the center of the septum.
  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect – This type of defect is present in the lower portion of the atrial septum.
    • Slow Growth and Development – Your child might have slow mental and physical growth and development as the body’s increased demand for oxygenated blood is not met.
    • Reduced Activity level – Your child’s activity level will have to be monitored as symptoms like dizziness and breathlessness with increased activity may be a problem. However, after the surgery for the closure of Atrial Septal Defect, this is not a problem any more.
    • Enlargement of the right side of Heart – Due to shunting of blood from the left to the right side of the atrium, the right side of heart may enlarge over time due to increased workload.
    • Pulmonary hypertension – Due to increased flow and pressure of blood in the lungs and pulmonary blood vessels, the pulmonary arteries may get diseased resulting in pulmonary hypertension.
    • Tricuspid valve regurgitation – The tricuspid valve, which is the valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle stretches and does not close properly, allowing some of the blood to leak back from the ventricle to the atrium instead of allowing it to move forward.
    • Irregular heart beats – Also called arrhythmias, this is a very serious problem associated with untreated Atrial Septal Defect.
    • Risk of Stroke – In people with Atrial Septal Defect, a blood clot or air bubble may develop that may travel to the brain and cause stroke.Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defect – This type of Atrial Septal Defect is present in the upper portion of the septum.

      Why is surgery for the closure of Atrial Septal Defect necessary?

      Small Atrial Septal Defects usually close on their own as your child grows up and do not require any medical or surgical intervention as there are no symptoms. However, children who have a large Atrial Septal Defect need surgical intervention so that they can lead normal and healthy lives after the surgery. If the option of timely surgery for the closure of Atrial Septal Defect is not considered for some reason, then unfortunately your child might have to deal with some of the following consequences:

     

    What does the surgical repair for Atrial Septal Defect involve?

    Atrial Septal Defect is most commonly closed by Open Heart Surgery. Due to worsening of symptoms with age, children suffering from Atrial Septal Defect should be operated upon between 3 – 6 years of age. The term Open Heart Surgery is used for surgical procedures performed on the heart where the heart is stopped and is connected to a heart-lung machine which oxygenates the blood and circulates it throughout the body. The surgeon makes an incision in the middle of the chest through the breast bone (sternotomy) to expose the heart. The heart is stopped and it’s function is completely taken over by the heart-lung machine. The Atrial Septal Defect is either stitched (if small) or patched with a special mesh to close the hole. Once the procedure is complete, the heart is re-started and the chest incision is sutured. The Open Heart Surgery to correct Atrial Septal Defect is considered a major surgery and is performed under general anesthesia.

Atrial Septal Defect Repair in India | Heart Hole Surgery in India

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery at Top Heart Hospital in India

Heart Valve Repair

heart surgeryHeart valve repair is a surgical or minimally invasive procedure that corrects a heart valve that is not functioning properly. Heart valve repair usually involves the heart valve leaflets that open and close to pump blood through the heart.

Your cardiac surgeon shall investigate and advise if repairing your heart valve is the best way to treat your heart valve disease.

Heart Valve Replacement

When valve repair shall not be of help, replacing your damaged heart valve may be the most effective treatment for your condition. Also known as Heart Valve Replacement, Aortic Valve Replacement, is a cardiac surgery procedure in which the damaged heart valve is replaced with a new valve. This valve can be a tissue valve taken from some other body, or may be of animal or an artificial or prosthetic valve.

Heart valve repair or replacement can be done for one single valve or more than one depending upon the condition of your valves.

Valve replacement Surgery procedure

Bypass-Gastric-Morbid-Obesity-SurgeryThe patient is put under general anaesthesia and connected to the heart lung machine. This machine takes over the pumping, circulatory, and respiratory functions of the heart and lung till the surgical procedure is going on.

The valves are accessed by cutting open the rib cage and accessing the heart directly. The old valves are sliced from their attachments and new valves are put in their place. The new valves may be obtained from a cadaveric donor, or an animal (pig) or it may be made of a nonreactive inert material.

The patient needs to be given anticoagulants or immunosuppressive to clotting of blood or rejection of organ. The prognosis of this surgery is good. It is many a time a life-saving and life extending surgery.

Types of Heart Valve Replacement:

Open-heart valve replacement surgery It is a surgical procedure wherein the patient’s heart is exposed in the operation theatre and surgery is performed on the internal structures of the heart. During the surgery, the patient is placed on a heart-lung machine that allows blood to flow through the heart while the surgery is being performed.

Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, also known as Keyhole surgery, is performed by making small incisions of about 3 to 4 inches in the heart muscle, through specialized surgical instruments. In most cases, minimally invasive heart surgery focuses on Mitral valve repair, Aortic valve repair and Tricuspid valve repair.

Valvuloplasty : It is a technique wherein the stiff aortic valves are treated with the help of a balloon catheter. The balloon is positioned in the aortic valve and subsequently inflated to expand the size of the valve, leading to improved blood flow.

Double and Triple Valve repair and replacement in India

Double valve repair and replacement procedure aims at correcting or replacing both these damaged valves (aortic & mitral together) with new functional valves. This is done through the open heart surgery. Triple valve replacement repair and replacement means repair or replacement of three valves of the heart.

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery in India

Minimally invasive mitral valve repair is performed through a two-inch keyhole incision on the side of the chest. The port access technique is a step ahead in that the incision is even smaller and the whole operation is video-directed, whereas in non-port access minimally invasive mitral valve surgery, the operation is done by direct vision.

The minimally invasive approaches avoid an incision in the breastbone (sternotomy) and have several benefits like:

  • Less pain
  • Shorter stay in hospital. Hence, patients return to work and everyday activity sooner after surgery.
  • Less bleeding
  • Fewer chances of infection as the incision is smaller
  • Cosmetic benefits

FAQ’s Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery in India

What is the cost of Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery?

Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery is amongst the lowest in the world. The Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery is about 20% of the cost in the USA. The low Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery  is without any compromise on quality or success rate

What to expect after heart valve surgery

The normal recovery time after a heart valve surgery is usually four to eight weeks, and may be shorter after minimally invasive surgeries.

How experienced are cardiac surgeons in India at handling complex heart surgeries?

The translation of academic excellence into outstanding medical results happens only with practice and experience. Indian doctors acquire a great amount of experience over a very short period of time because of the large number of patients requiring cardiac treatment in India.

Do surgeons perform advanced heart surgeries in India?

Cardiac surgeons in India are experts at performing advanced procedures like Heart Transplants, Robotic Cardiac Procedures, Totally Endoscopic Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (TECAB), Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (MIDCAB), Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (OPCAB), complex mitral valve repairs, etc.

What success rates can one expect in India from cardiology hospitals?

It is quite amazing that Indian hospitals are able to offer a combination of extremely low cost cardiac treatment in India along with extremely high success rates as well.

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery at Top Heart Hospital in India

ADVANCED INTERVENTIONAL CARDIOLOGY PROCEDURES AT BEST HEART HOSPITALS IN INDIA

Why is an Angioplasty done?
Deposition of fatty substances in the coronary arteries (arteries supplying blood to the heart), develops a blockage. This condition is called as ‘coronary artery disease’ (CAD). This blockage creates a problem in the free flow of the blood to your heart muscle. This situation might lead to a heart attack. Angioplasty is a widely performed procedure that is used to treat heart problems caused by blocked or narrowed coronary arteries (blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle). This procedure is performed highly successfully by interventional cardiologists at heart hospitals in India. The coronary angioplasty, which normally takes between one to two hours, aims to remove or reduce blockages in the coronary arteries and restore blood flow to the heart muscle. The coronary angioplasty procedure is performed in a Cardiac Catheterisation Lab . All cardiac speciality hospitals in India as well as most of multi-speciality hospitals in India are equipped with Cath Labs.

Procedure

Angioplasty procedure involves insertion of catheter in your groin and hence before the angioplasty procedure you would be given a mild sedative and some pain killers to ensure that you remain relaxed during the procedure. Your doctor will insert a catheter into an artery in your groin and gently manoeuvre it to the heart. This catheter has a balloon at the tip and once the catheter reaches the site of the blockage, the balloon on the end is inflated. This opens the blockage and restores the proper flow of the blood to the heart. Often the device which is called a stent is also placed at the site of blockage in order to keep the artery open.

A stent is a small, mesh like metallic device, which when placed at the site of blockage acts as a support to keep the artery open thus maintaining the blood flow. Two main varieties of stents are used. The first is a non medicated or bare stents and the second is medicated or drug eluting stents. Both the stents serve the function of supporting the open artery. The medicated stent in addition releases drug locally at the treated site to reduce the chances of recurrence of blockage at the same site.

Advanced Interventional Cardiology Procedures for Treatment of Heart Diseases in India | Best Heart Surgery Hospital India

Balloon Angioplasty – Balloon Angioplasty is a procedure in which a narrowed heart valve is stretched open in a way that does not require open heart surgery.It is a procedure in which a thin tube (catheter) that has a small deflated balloon at the tip is inserted through the skin in the groin area into a blood vessel, and then is threaded up to the opening of the narrowed heart valve. The balloon is inflated, which stretches the valve open. This procedure cures many valve obstructions. It is also called balloon enlargement of a narrowed heart valve.

Stents – Approximately 70% of angioplasty procedures also involve stenting, which is the insertion of a small metal cylinder called a stent into a blood vessel. In this procedure, a collapsed stent is placed over the balloon at the tip of the catheter. When the balloon inflates, the stent pops open and reinforces the artery walls. The balloon and catheter are then withdrawn and the stent inside permanently. In a few weeks, tissue from the artery lining grows over the stent.There are two types of stents. Bare-metal stents are plain, untreated metal cylinders. Drug-eluting stents (also called drug-coated stents) are coated with medication before they are placed in the artery.

Rotablation (Percutaneous Transluminal Rotational Atherectomy or PTRA) – A special catheter, with an acorn-shaped, diamond-coated tip, is guided to the point of narrowing in the coronary artery. The tip spins around at a high speed and grinds away the plaque on the arterial walls. This process is repeated as needed to treat the blockage and improve blood flow. The microscopic particles are washed safely away in your blood stream and filtered out by your liver and spleen.

Drug-Eluting Stents – A drug-eluting stent (DES) is a coronary stent (a scaffold) placed into narrowed, diseased coronary artery. It slowly releases a drug to block cell proliferation. This prevents fibrosis that, together with clots (thrombus), could otherwise block the stented artery, a process called restenosis. The stent is usually placed within the coronary artery by an Interventional cardiologist during an angioplasty procedure.

Angioplasty vs. Bypass Surgery

It is not easy for a patient to make a choice between angioplasty and bypass surgery on his own, which happens due to various factors like the condition of the disease in an individual. The doctor also checks the symptoms of the patient along with his overall heart function and co-existing medical conditions.

In case the narrowing in the arteries is serious about reducing the blood flow in the heart of the patient then angioplasty is recommended. But if the patient has various blockages, bypass surgery is certainly better.

ADVANCED INTERVENTIONAL CARDIOLOGY PROCEDURES AT BEST HEART HOSPITALS IN INDIA

Top Heart Surgery Hospital India | Best Cardiac Surgery in India

Cervical Discectomy3Popularly known as the Bypass Surgery, Cardiac bypass implanting a healthy or working blood vessel from any other part of the body to bypass the blocked vessel. The heart surgeons in India are highly experienced to perform a CABG or heart bypass surgery. India offers great value proposition to patients looking for affordable Heart surgery or Cardiac surgery abroad as not only the cost of cardiac bypass surgery in India is very low, the facilities and infrastructure is most modern and is counted among the best heart hospitals in the world. 

The blockages in the arteries grow with the deposition of fat. This process is called as Artherosclerosis. These blockages obstruct the free flow of the blood to the various parts of the heart leading to severe chest pain (known as angina) or a heart attack in the later stages.Today Cardiology treatment in India has come up as a suitable option in order to get rid of any of the heart defects as the cost in India of any of the treatments is the best and that too at rates which are absolutely affordable. Because of these benefits of choosing in India, any of the treatments, many foreigners have come down here in order to solve their trouble of heart diseases. 

When repair is not an option, replacing your damaged heart valve may be the most effective treatment for your condition. Also known as Heart Valve Replacement, Aortic Valve Replacement, is a cardiac surgery procedure in:-

  • Ring Annuloplasty – In this procedure the surgeon repairs the ring-like part around the valve by stitching a ring of metal, cloth, or tissue around the valve.
  • Valve repair – In this one or more leaflets of the valve is trimmed, shaped, or rebuild. The leaflets are the flaps that are responsible for opening and closing of the valve.

Pediatric cardiothoracic Surgery is a kind of heart surgery that is performed children for repairing heart defects which occur at the time of birth which are known as congenital heart diseases. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery is necessary for the well-being of the child.

This surgery is done to take care of various diseases in children such as Artrial Septal Defect (ASD), Patent Ductus Arteriosus and Total correction or Four Abnormality correction (TOF).

Heart Surgery Procedures performed with Excellent Outcomes:-

  • CABG – Minimally Invasive Valve & Coronary Heart Bypass Techniques.
  • Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass (OPCAB)
  • Mitral & Aortic Valve repair & restoration surgery
  • Aortic dissection surgery
  • Transmyocardial laser revascularization
  • Congenital and Pediatric heart surgery
  • Heart failure surgery- Ventricular restoration and Ventricular assist Devices
  • Carotid endarterectomy
  • Peripheral vascular procedures
  • Atrial Fibrillation & Arrhythmia surgery 

The most advanced technology for minimally invasive heart surgery is now available in India. Robotic da Vinci Surgical System combines superior 3D visualization along with greatly enhanced dexterity, precision and control in an intuitive, ergonomic interface with breakthrough surgical capabilities.In Robotic Cardiac Surgery, robotic assist the heart surgeon in performing surgery through tiny incisions. The surgeon has to sit in an operating room where he controls the instruments while looking at 3D images from the camera which is inside the patient. Various procedures can be performed in this case such as mitral valve replacement or repair, correction of HOCM etc. Use of Robotic Surgery in Cardiology has benefits as it involves less pain, scarring and risk that are otherwise involved. The surgeon can perform surgery through tiny openings in the chest, cracking the breastbone and spreading the ribs. 

Much modern cardiothoracic surgery is performed with the help of highly advanced machines that are operated externally by a surgeon. The main advantage to these machines is that they can operate through very small incisions, and this dramatically shortens the recovery time of a patient. The most advanced machines are even able to react intelligently to changes in the patient’s body. For instance, some machines can adapt to the beating of a heart, moving their arms in synch with it, so that to the surgeon operating the machine it appears as if the heart is stationary.

 

Top Heart Surgery Hospital India | Best Cardiac Surgery in India

Paediatric Heart Surgery in India with the Best Paediatric Heart surgeons in India

Paediatric Heart Surgery in India with the Best Paediatric Heart surgeons in India is what you would want if your little one is suffering from any heart ailment. MyMedOpinion affiliate Paediatric heart surgeons in India are among the top paediatric heart specialists and offer best in paediatric heart care. Affordable Pediatric Heart Surgery in India at Best Cardiac Hospitals with Top Pediatric Cardiac Surgeons in India with MyMedOpinion.

Sometimes heart surgery in children is required for repairing defects in the heart which a child might have born with (known as congenital heart defects) and heart diseases which he gets after birth, which require surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery deals with operative procedures in the newborn and unborn children and youngsters suffering from cardiac dysfunctions, structural, functional and rhythm-related issues of the heart also.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery often deals with heart problems in children, the cause of congenital heart diseases which are common heart ailments among new born children and involves deficiencies like structural defects, congenital arrythmias and cardiomyopathies, which result in different kinds of abnormalities related to the heart. Congenital heart disease is a cause of improper growth of the heart or blood vessels before birth.

Heart Treatment in India for Major Heart Ailments in Children

The most common cardiac defects in children are the following:

  •    Atrial Septal Defect
  •    Ventricular Septal Defect
  •    Fallot’s Tetralogy
  •    Valvular defects

Atrial Septal Defect

An atrial septal defect (ASD) — sometimes referred to as a hole in the heart — is a type of congenital heart defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the dividing wall between the upper filling chambers of the heart (the atria). In most cases ASDs are diagnosed and treated successfully with few or no complications. When an atrial septal defect is present, blood flows through the hole primarily from the left atrium to the right atrium.

This shunting increases the blood volume in the right atrium which means more blood flows through the lungs than would normally. If left untreated, atrial septal defect may cause problems in adulthood. These problems may include pulmonary hypertension (which is high blood pressure in the lungs), congestive heart failure(weakening of the heart muscle), atrial arrhythmias (which are abnormal rhythms or beating of the heart) and an increased risk of stroke.

Ventricular Septal Defect – VSD have a hole in the wall of their heart between their right ventricle and left ventricle (the two lower chambers, where the blood leaves the heart). Normally, blood cannot pass between the ventricles. But when there is a hole between the sides of the heart, some oxygen-rich blood leaks from the left ventricle into the right ventricle and goes back to the lungs. The hole may be small and cause no symptoms, or it may be large and cause serious problems with blood flow. If the hole is large, too much blood will be pumped to the lungs, leading to congestive heart failure. Also, the heart will have to work harder to pump blood to the body. As a result of the extra work, the heart can get bigger.

There are two main techniques to correct the disorder:

Intra-Cardiac Technique – is an open heart surgery under general anesthesia , whereby the child is attached to an external heart-lung machine. This heart lung machine performs circulatory and respiratory function during surgery. The heart is directly accessed and the defect is sutured.

Trans- Catheter Technique – this is a minimally invasive technique through which surgical instruments are passed through the catheter inserted in the femoral artery. The catheter is slowly guided up towards the point of defect to close it.

Both the procedures are quite successful. Which one is best for your child can be ascertained by the paediatric cardiac surgeon in India after the examination of the child.

Fallot’s Tetralogy

Fallot was a doctor who spotted this particular type of heart defect. Tetralogy means fourfold – there are four defects found together. These four problems are: 1. Pulmonary stenosis – Pulmonary means ‘of the lungs’. Stenosis means narrowing. Pulmonary stenosis is a narrowing at or below the pulmonary valve. 2. Ventricular septal defect -Ventricular means ‘of the ventricles’ – the wall between the right and left sides of the heart . 3. Over-riding aorta -The entrance to the aorta, which should only take red (oxygenated) blood around the body, lies over the VSD, allowing the right ventricle to pump some blue blood directly into it. 4. Right ventricular hypertrophy -The right ventricle becomes thickened as it forces blood into the narrowed pulmonary artery.

The heart surgeons perform two surgeries to correct Fallot of Tetralogy heart defect in the child

Blalock- Taussig’s operation is a palliative procedure performed in smaller infants to increase blood flow to lungs and to allow the child to grow big enough to withstand the corrective surgery. A connection is made between right subclavian artery and pulmonary artery to pass more oxygenated blood to the latter. This relieves the cyanosis to a great extent.

The total corrective surgery is performed in children within 2 years of age. VSD is closed with a patch and the narrowed pulmonary valve is opened. The outcome of surgery is favourable and most children lead a healthy life after the surgery with minimum restrictions

Double valve repair and replacement

Valves are openings between two chambers and also between a chamber and artery which allows unidirectional flow of blood. The patency of these valves is very important for normal flow of blood. The function of mitral valve (between left atrium and left ventricle) and the aortic valve (between left ventricle and aorta) is very important. If these valves get narrowed, the amount of blood passing from left atrium to left ventricle (mitral valve) or from left ventricle to aorta (aortic valve) is drastically reduced. In this case the heart will pump blood harder to push it through the narrowed valves. But the blood will tend to go upwards back into the pulmonary vein and finally to the lungs. This will cause excess blood in the lungs leading to congestion. At the same time very less blood will come out into the aorta from the left ventricle which will result in reduced blood and oxygen supply to all the body parts.

Double valve repair and replacement procedure aims at correcting or replacing these both these damaged valves (aortic & mitral together) with new functional valves. This is done through the open heart surgery. The patient is put under general anaesthesia and connected to the heart lung machine. This machine takes over the pumping, circulatory, and respiratory functions of the heart and lung till the surgical procedure is going on. The valves are accessed by cutting open the rib cage and accessing the heart directly. The old valves are sliced from their attachments and new valves are put in their place. The new valves may be obtained from a cadaveric donor, or an animal (pig) or it may be made of a nonreactive inert material. The patient needs to be given anticoagulants or immunosuppressive to clotting of blood or rejection of organ. The prognosis of this surgery is good. It is many a time a life-saving and life extending surgery.

Why is the Procedure required?

If the following warning signs are found in children, it indicates that a surgery is required:

  • Blue or gray skin, nail beds and lips. These symptoms indicate that there is not enough oxygen in the blood (hypoxia).
  • If the child has difficulty in breathing because the lungs are “wet,” congested, or filled with fluid (heart failure).
  • If there exists problems in heart rhythm (arrhythmias) or heart rate.
  • If there is lack of growth and development of a child. And the child is not able to sleep and eat properly.

FAQ’s  Pediatric Cardiac Surgery  in India

What is the cost of Paediatric Heart Surgery?

Paediatric Heart Surgery is amongst the lowest in the world. The Paediatric Heart Surgery is about 20% of the cost in the USA. The low Paediatric Heart Surgery is without any compromise on quality or success rate

Are cardiac surgeons in India well qualified to perform heart surgeries?

Teaching hospitals in India are of a high standard. Further, many cardiac surgeons and cardiologists from India have had further education/training abroad at top class medical schools and hospitals. The result is a very high level of academic excellence amongst cardiologists and cardiac surgeons in India.

How experienced are cardiac surgeons in India at handling complex heart surgeries?

The translation of academic excellence into outstanding medical results happens only with practice and experience. Indian doctors acquire a great amount of experience over a very short period of time because of the large number of patients requiring cardiac treatment in India.

Do surgeons perform advanced heart surgeries in India?

Cardiac surgeons in India are experts at performing advanced procedures like Heart Transplants, Robotic Cardiac Procedures, Totally Endoscopic Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (TECAB), Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (MIDCAB), Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (OPCAB), complex mitral valve repairs, etc.

What success rates can one expect in India from cardiology hospitals?

It is quite amazing that Indian hospitals are able to offer a combination of extremely low cost cardiac treatment in India along with extremely high success rates as well. In fact, leading hospitals for cardiac treatment in India have success rates in excess of 98%, which is absolutely world-class.

Get a free of cost second opinion from renowned surgeons within 24 hours

For further information or free consultation, we request you to fill in inquiry form on the website and send medical reports to info@mymedopinion.com. MyMedOpinion assures you that all arrangements for examinations, surgeries, and post-operative recuperation will be ably taken care of you

Get the MyMedOpinion Advantage

MyMedOpinion help by its expertise and speed and quality of response. From arranging opinion from India’s best cancer hospitals, hospital appointment bookings, travel and hotel accommodation, we manage our patient’s needs efficiently.

  • Quick responses… Within 24-hours
  • World class results for  treatment
  • Cancer specialists with great qualifications and experience
  • Assistance to Plan your Travel and Apply for India visa.
Paediatric Heart Surgery in India with the Best Paediatric Heart surgeons in India