Prostate Cancer Surgery Best Hospitals in India

Overview-

Prostate cancer is a disease which only occurs in the prostate gland present in the male reproductive 546system and is most common among men over ages 50 years. Mostly are slow growing; however, it can grow quickly if ignored, at first it causes no symptoms but in later stages it can lead to difficulty in urinating, blood in urine or pain in the penis.

 

 

Advanced (metastatic) prostate cancer:-

Advanced or metastatic cancer of the prostate gland is when the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer is usually diagnosed in the early stages before it starts to spread outside the prostate gland. But in some men, the prostate cancer will be advanced when it is first diagnosed. Advanced prostate cancer can also occur in men who have previously been treated for early or locally advanced prostate cancer but their cancer has come back (relapsed or recurred). Prostate cancer cells can sometimes spread beyond the prostate gland. The cancer cells may travel around the body in the bloodstream or, less commonly the lymphatic system. When these cells reach a new area of the body, they may go on dividing and form a new tumor  called a metastasis or secondary tumor.

The most common places for prostate cancer to spread are to bones such as the spine, pelvis, thigh bone (femur) and ribs. Usually, the cancer cells will spread to a number of different places in the bones rather than to a single site. Sometimes prostate cancer can affect the bone marrow. This is the spongy material that’s found in the center  of most bones. It’s also where the body’s blood cells are made.  Prostate cancer can also spread to the lymph nodes, and occasionally it may affect the lungs, the brain and the liver.

Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms:-

Prostate cancer does not normally cause symptoms until the cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra.

This normally results in problems associated with urination. Symptoms can include:

  • needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night
  • needing to rush to the toilet
  • difficulty in starting to pee (hesitancy)
  • straining or taking a long time while urinating
  • weak flow
  • feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully

Many men′s prostates get larger as they get older due to a non-cancerous condition known as prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Symptoms that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.

Risk factors:-

Independent factors include:-

  • Men over 65: prostate cancer is not very common in men under 50.
  • African ancestry: Men of African ancestry have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer. They have about a 60% higher rate of prostate cancer than Caucasian men. Men of African ancestry are more likely to be diagnosed at a younger age and with more aggressive and advanced tumor.
  • Family history: the risk of developing prostate cancer is higher if a first-degree relative (father or brother) has been diagnosed with the disease.A  Men are at the most risk if more than one relative has been diagnosed and if the relatives were diagnosed at a younger age.  The risk doubles if a man′s father had the disease, and if a brother had it, the risk triples; hereditary prostate cancer typically begins among a cluster of relatives before age 55.

Dependent risk factors include:-

  • High-fat diet: a diet high in fat, especially animal fat, may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Exposure to cadmium: Cadmium is a metallic element known to cause cancer and is a possible risk factor for prostate cancer.

Tests and diagnosis:-

 

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE): This is an exam of the prostate via the rectum.  The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels the prostate through the rectal wall for lumps, hardness of abnormal areas.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: This test measures the level of PSA in the blood.  PSA is a substance made by the prostate that may be found in an increased amount in the blood of men who have prostate cancer.  PSA levels may also be high in men who have an infection or inflammation of the prostate or BPH (a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate).
  • Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS): A procedure in which a probe that is about the size of a finger is inserted into the rectum to check the prostate. The probe is used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal tissues or organs and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram. Transrectal ultrasound is used during a biopsy procedure.
  • Biopsy:  The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist. The pathologist will examine the biopsy sample to check for cancer cells and determine the Gleason score. The Gleason score ranges from 2-10 and describes how likely it is that a tumor will spread. The lower the number, the less likely the tumor is to spread. There are 2 types of biopsy procedures used to diagnose prostate cancer.
    • Transrectal biopsy: The removal of tissue from the prostate by inserting a thin needle through the rectum and into the prostate. This procedure is usually done using transrectal ultrasound to help guide the needle.
    • Transperineal biopsy: The removal of tissue from the prostate by inserting a thin needle through the skin between the scrotum and rectum and into the prostate.

 

Prostate Cancer Treatment:-

Because prostate cancer often grows very slowly, some men (especially those who are older or who have other major health problems) might never need treatment for their cancer. Instead, their doctor may suggest approaches known as watchful waiting, expectant management, observation, or active surveillance.

Some doctors use these terms to mean the same thing. For other doctors the terms mean something slightly different:

  • Active surveillance is often used to mean watching the cancer closely with PSA blood tests, digital rectal exams (DREs), and ultrasounds at regular intervals to see if the cancer is growing. Prostate biopsies may be done as well to see if the cancer is starting to grow faster.
  • Watchful waiting (observation) is sometimes used to describe a less intense type of follow-up that may mean fewer tests and relying more on changes in a man’s symptoms to decide if treatment is needed.

Surgery for prostate cancer

Surgery is a common choice to try to cure prostate cancer if it is not thought to have spread outside the gland.The main type of surgery for prostate cancer is known as a radical prostatectomy. In this operation, the surgeon removes the entire prostate gland plus some of the tissue around it. A radical prostatectomy can be done in different ways.

Open approaches to prostatectomy

In the more traditional approach to doing a prostatectomy, the surgeon operates through a single long cut (incision) to remove the prostate and nearby tissues. This type of surgery, sometimes referred to as an open approach, is now done less often than before.

  • Radical retropubic prostatectomy: In the retropubic approach, a cut is made in the lower belly (abdomen), as shown in the picture below. The doctor will then remove the prostate and some nearby tissues. He or she can also remove nearby lymph nodes to check for cancer spread.A small tube (catheter) will be put in your penis to help drain your bladder after surgery. The catheter usually stays in place for 1 to 2 weeks while you are healing.

You will probably stay in the hospital for a few days after the surgery, and your activities will be limited for about 3 to 5 weeks.

  • Radical perineal prostatectomy: In the perineal approach, the surgeon makes the cut in the skin between the anus and the scrotum. This approach is used less often because it’s more likely to lead to erection problems and because the nearby lymph nodes can’t be removed. But it might be an option if you aren’t concerned about erections and you don’t need lymph nodes removed. It also might be used if you have other medical problems that make retropubic surgery hard to do.

The perineal approach often takes less time than the retropubic approach, and may result in less pain.A tube for draining urine (called a catheter) will be put into the bladder through the penis to drain urine for 1 to 2 weeks while you are healing.You will probably stay in the hospital for a few days after the surgery, and your activities will be limited for about 3 to 5 weeks.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

 

Advertisements
Prostate Cancer Surgery Best Hospitals in India

Best Robotic Prostate Surgery Hospitals in India

Robotic Prostate Surgery

Robotic prostate cancer surgery using the da Vinci system offers several advantages over the traditional laparoscopic surgical method of treating prostate cancer when objectively compared in the following areas:

  • Clinically Superior Results
  • Reduced Risk of Complications
  • Quicker Recovery Period
  • Minimize Scarring

Clinically Superior Results With Robotic Prostate Cancer Surgery    

The da vinci robotic prostate cancer surgery system is ready to produce superior clinical prostate cancer treatment results compared to non-robotic traditional and scope-assisted procedures.robotic-prostate-cancer-surgery 1.jpg this is often as a result of the da vinci system’s surgeon Console is provided to produce the surgeon with a revolutionary, three-dimensional, multi-level magnification spectrum. additional ancient scope-assisted surgery generally provides a way lower resolution image, and a way more restricted field of vision. moreover, the da vinci system’s sensitive physical science and one metric linear unit diameter surgical arms enable the surgeon to form extremely precise movements within the incision throughout robotic prostate cancer surgery. this suggests that the malignant tissue is removed with Associate in Nursing efficiency and ease unparalleled before the era of robotic surgery. This bigger precision reduces the likelihood of relapse because of missed cancerous tissue. The exactness of the da vinci system also permits the surgeon to avoid damaging healthy prostate tissue, that improves clinical results, reduces scar tissue build up, and contributes to an overall shorter recovery amount when robotic prostate surgery.

Reduced Risk of Complications With Robotic Prostate Surgery

Surgery is an inherently risky medical procedure. However, for prostate cancer treatment, surgery can be the most effective choice for eradicating malignant tumors without the painful side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Among the more serious risks associated with surgical treatment is the possibility of infection at the incision site. ro 2Such infections are often the primary cause of serious complications which may hamper a quick and uneventful recovery. The da Vinci system greatly mitigates the risk of infection during robotic prostate surgery. First, the size of the incision(s) is significantly smaller with robotic prostate surgery than with the traditional procedure. A standard, non-robotic prostate surgery requires a six- to eight-inch vertical incision to the abdomen. A large, open incision increases the patient’s susceptibility to bacterial infection during and after the surgery. Post-operative infections are more common than intra-operative infections, as hospital rooms are not maintained at the same level of sterility which operating rooms are. The da Vinci robotic prostate surgery system utilizes a much less invasive technique  requiring four to five small incisions, each less than two inches. These smaller incisions will heal significantly faster than the large incision needed in traditional surgery.

Quicker Recovery Period After Robotic Prostate Surgery

When a physician determines robotic prostate surgery is the best prostate cancer treatment option, da Vinci’s robotic technology optimizes the chances of  a quicker recovery time as opposed to traditional surgical prostatectomy. The smaller incisions required to maneuver the operating arms heal much faster, require fewer sutures and, therefore, are less vulnerable to tearing or infection. The precise movements of the robotic arms  allow a more targeted approach for cleaner removal of malignant tissue and reduces damage to healthy tissue during robotic prostate surgery. The operating arms of the da Vinci Surgical System are designed to avoid contact between the operating instruments and the walls of the incision. All of these advantages translate to a speedier and less worrisome recovery period.

Minimal Scarring After Robotic Prostate Cancer Surgery

The sheer size of the incision needed for a traditional prostatectomy produces significant scarring in the patient’s lower abdomen. The robotic prostate surgery procedure leaves incisions which heal with little or no visible scarring. In addition to the obvious aesthetic value, minimizing scar tissue on the interior walls of the incision promotes better healing. Excess scar tissue build-up can sometimes interfere with the proper function of the prostate. Although such a complication is rare, it’s worth considering when exploring prostate cancer treatment options. The precision of robotic prostate surgery offers an inherent solution to this potential difficulty. By minimizing the size of the incision needed to remove cancerous tissue, the risk of scar tissue-related complications is greatly mitigated.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

 

 

Best Robotic Prostate Surgery Hospitals in India

Best Prostate Cancer treatment in india

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India

prostate-cancer-diagramProstate Cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. In Africa, the highest rate is in South Africa and the lowest in Northern Africa. This test detects many prostate cancers that are small and /or would otherwise have remained unrecognized. Prostate Cancer is the cancer of the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer usually develops in men over the age of fifty. In many cases prostate cancer shows no signs or symptoms, as a result, there are no therapy, and eventually causing death due to unrelated causes.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the cancer of the prostate gland, a gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate secretes a slightly alkaline milky fluid that constitutes 50–75% in volume of the semen. helps neutralize acidity of the vaginal tract, prolonging sperm lifespan. Most prostate cancers grow slow but there are cases of aggressive prostate cancers too. The cancer cells may spread (metastasize) from the prostate to other parts of the body, typically the bones and lymph nodes. This type of cancer may have no symptoms initially, but can cause pain, difficulty in passing urinating, problems in sexual intercourse, erectile dysfunction, and death in later stages.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer may include:

  • Problems in Passing urine, such as pain, difficulty starting or stopping the stream, or dribbling.
  • Low Back Pain.
  • Pain with Ejaculation.
  • Blood in the Urine.
  • Blood in the Semen.

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India at World Class Hospitals

Men with prostate cancer have many treatment options. The treatment that’s best for one man may not be best for another. Your doctor will make recommendations that are best for each individual. The options include active surveillance (also called watchful waiting), surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. You may have a combination of treatments.

Surgery: Surgery is an option for men with early (Stage I or II) prostate cancer. It’s sometimes an option for men with Stage III or IV prostate cancer. Before the surgeon removes the prostate, the lymph nodes in the pelvis may be removed.. There are several types of surgery for prostate cancer. Each type has benefits and risks.

What are the options for Prostate cancer treatment in India

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) – It makes use of high frequency energy to heat and destroy cancer cells in the prostate gland.When these sound waves are concentrated on body tissues, the tissues heat up and die. Specialists target the area containing the cancer.It is an outpatient procedure generally performed under local or general anesthesia. As HIFU is non surgical, there is no incisions or blood loss and recovery is quick.

prostatecancerdiagnosisRobotic Surgery – Robotic surgery for prostate cancer removal is an advanced technique whereby the robotic arms hold the surgery tools. The advantages of this surgery type are very high precision in performing the surgery and reducing the risks associated with the surgery.

Cyber Knife Treatment – In this procedure, the patient lays still and breathes normally while the CyberKnife zeroes in on the prostate and irradiates it without harming surrounding areas. The procedure is more comfortable for patients, as radiation is given accurately and treatments are completed in four to five days.

Laser Surgery – This procedure has emerged as the top choice for most patients. It is minimally invasive as all work to open the prostate channel made through the penis, is done without an incision on the abdomen. This surgery helps patients urinate better and with a good stream. The patient is able to empty his bladder fully after the surgery.In Laser Surgery for Prostate cancer, the obstructive prostate tissue is vaporized by the directed laser beam.

Radical Prostatectomy – It is the surgery done to remove the entire prostate and any nearby tissues like seminal vesicles and some nearby lymph nodes. Radical prostatectomy can be done as either open or laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon removes the prostate through a cut in the abdomen, or makes a series of small cuts instead of one larger cut. Sometimes prostate is removed through a cut in the area between the testicles and the back passage.After the prostate gland is taken out through an incision, a catheter is placed in the bladder to pass urine out of the body until the area heals.

Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy – A thin tube with a tiny camera is deployed. Small cuts are made near the tumor site, and thin tools remove the tumor and surrounding tissue. Patients are usually given general anesthesia that blocks nerve routes from the spine and numbs the area.

External beam Radiotherapy – This treatment deploys high radiation dose just on the area of the prostate gland. The whole of your prostate gland is treated along with an area of 1 to 2 centimetres around it.

Brachytherapy – Brachytherapy makes use of high dose of radiation reducing the risk of damage to nearby healthy tissue while destroying the tumor. Doctors place Brachytherapy seeds inside a body cavity or insert seeds into body tissue using hollow needles. It may be used alone or with radiation given externally. Radioactive seeds may be left permanently in place or removed after some time.

Hormone Therapy – Hormones occur naturally in your body and control the growth and activity of normal cells. Prostate gland cancer depends on the male hormone testosterone to grow. Lowering the amount of testosterone in the body can reduce the chance of an early prostate cancer coming back after treatment.

Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy involves drugs to kill cancer cells. It is used to treat prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and is used mainly if hormone therapy is not controlling the cancer.

Cryotherapy – Cryotherapy uses an instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue. Cryosurgery can be used to treat men who have early-stage prostate cancer that is confined to the prostate gland. It is less well established than standard prostatectomy and various types of radiation therapy. Long-term outcomes are not known. Because it is effective only in small areas, cryosurgery is not used to treat prostate cancer that has spread outside the gland, or to distant parts of the body.

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Best Prostate Cancer treatment in india