SPINAL FUSION SURGERY HOSPITALS IN INDIA

A spinal fusion surgery is designed to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn should decrease pain generated from the joint.spinal 52

There are many approaches to lumbar spinal fusion surgery, and all involve the following process:

  • Adding bone graft to a segment of the spine
  • Set up a biological response that causes the bone graft to grow between the two vertebral elements to create a bone fusion
  • The boney fusion – which results in one fixed bone replacing a mobile joint – stops the motion at that joint segment

For patients with the following conditions, if abnormal and excessive motion at a vertebral segment results in severe pain and inability to function, a lumbar fusion may be considered:

  • Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Lumbar Spondylolisthesis (isthmic, degenerative, or postlaminectomy spondylolisthesis)

Other conditions that may be treated by a spinal fusion surgery include a weak or unstable spine (caused by infections or tumors), fractures, scoliosis, or deformity.

How Spinal Fusion Works

At each level in the spine, there is a disc space in the front and paired facet joints in the back. Working together, these structures define a motion segment and permit multiple degrees of motion.

Two vertebral segments need to be fused together to stop the motion at one segment, so that an L4-L5 (lumbar segment 4 and lumbar segment 5) spinal fusion is actually a one-level spinal fusion.

Working together, these structures define a motion segment and permit multiple degrees of motion.

Two vertebral segments need to be fused together to stop the motion at one segment, so that an L4-L5 (lumbar segment 4 and lumbar segment 5) spinal fusion is actually a one-level spinal fusion.

An L4-L5, L5-S1 fusion is a 2-level fusion.

  • Read more about the L4-L5 and L5-S1 spinal segments

A spine fusion surgery involves using bone graft to cause two vertebral bodies to grow together into one long bone. Bone graft can be taken from the patient’s hip (autograft bone) during the spine fusion surgery, harvested from cadaver bone (allograft bone), or manufactured (synthetic bone graft substitute).

  • See Bone Graft Options for Spine Fusion

In addition to choices about which/how many levels to fuse and which bone graft to choose, there are many types of spinal fusion, including fusions with surgical approaches from the front (anterior), the back (posterior), both front and back, and/or from the side.

  • Looking to relieve your pain? Find a surgeon or doctor in your area today

There are several types of spinal fusion surgery options. The most commonly employed surgical techniques include:

  • Posterolateral gutter fusion – the procedure is done through the back
  • Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) – the procedure is done from the back and includes removing the disc between two vertebrae and inserting bone into the space created between the two vertebral bodies
  • Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) – the procedure is done from the front and includes removing the disc between two vertebrae and inserting bone into the space created between the two vertebral bodies
  • Anterior/posterior spinal fusion – the procedure is done from the front and the back
  • Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) – Similar to the PLIF, this procedure is also done from the back of the spine
  • Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF) – an interbody fusion in which the approach is from the side

It is important to note that with any type of spine fusion, there is a risk of clinical failure (meaning that the patient’s pain does not go away) despite achieving a successful fusion.

Multilevel Spinal Fusion

In the vast majority of cases, a lumbar spinal fusion surgery is most effective for those conditions involving only one vertebral segment. Most patients will not notice any limitation in motion after a one-level spine fusion.

When necessary, fusing two levels of the spine may be a reasonable option for treatment of pain. However, spinal fusion of more than 2 levels is unlikely to provide pain relief because it removes too much of the normal motion in the lower back and places too much stress across the remaining joints.

Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgery

Spinal fusion surgery is designed to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn should decrease pain generated from the joint.

There are many approaches to lumbar spinal fusion surgery, and all involve the following process:

  • Adding bone graft to a segment of the spine
  • Set up a biological response that causes the bone graft to grow between the two vertebral elements to create a bone fusion
  • The boney fusion – which results in one fixed bone replacing a mobile joint – stops the motion at that joint segment

For patients with the following conditions, if abnormal and excessive motion at a vertebral segment results in severe pain and inability to function, a lumbar fusion may be considered:

  • Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Lumbar Spondylolisthesis (isthmic, degenerative, or postlaminectomy spondylolisthesis)

Other conditions that may be treated by a spinal fusion surgery include a weak or unstable spine (caused by infections or tumors), fractures, scoliosis, or deformity.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

 

SPINAL FUSION SURGERY HOSPITALS IN INDIA

Advanced Liver Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

What is the difference between liver tumor and liver cancer ?

Any mass or nodule in the liver is known as a liver tumor. Liver tumors can be non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). The most common type of cancer that originates in the liver is  hepatocellular  carcinoma (HCC).

What are the causes of primary liver cancer ?

There is no one cause of primary liver cancer. Several factors increase a person likelihoodliver 123 of developing liver cancer. Some risk factors for liver cancer include:
Viral hepatitis – Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are an important cause for the development of liver cancer. It is estimated that about 5-10 percent of people with HBV or HCV will develop liver cancer.

  • Cirrhosis is a progressive disorder that leads to scarring of the liver. Cirrhosis is the end result of all forms of long standing liver damage. Cirrhosis is caused by Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, alcohol abuse, fatty liver and certain genetic disorders.  5-10 percent of patients with cirrhosis will develop liver cancer.
  • Toxins such as Arsenic – Drinking water (usually well water) contaminated with arsenic also increase risk for developing liver cancer. Obesity may increase the risk of liver cancer.
  • Diabetes can increase the risk of liver cancer, especially in those who drink alcohol heavily or have chronic viral hepatitis B or C infection.

What are the symptoms of liver cancer ?

Liver cancer usually has no obvious symptoms, and people at risk should be followed regularly to detect cancer at an early stage. The following symptoms might be caused by liver cancer:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Anorexia (persistent lack of appetite)
  • Early satiety (feeling very full after a small meal)
  • Persistent abdominal pain
  • Increasing abdominal girth (swelling of the “stomach” area) with or without breathing difficulty
  • Sudden jaundice (yellowness of the skin and eyes)
  • Sudden deterioration in the overall condition of a patient with cirrhosis

Which treatments are used for liver cancer?

In creating your treatment plan, important factors to consider include the stage (extent) of thedfe.jpg cancer and the health of the rest of your liver. But you and your cancer care team will also want to take into account the possible side effects of treatment, your overall health, and the chances of curing the disease, extending life, or relieving symptoms. Based on these factors, your treatment options may include:

  • Surgery (partial hepatectomy or liver transplant)
  • Tumor ablation
  • Tumor embolization
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Chemotherapy

What tests will I have to detect liver cancer ?

If liver cancer is suspected, the doctor will conduct a physical examination and order special ests. Further tests may include alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test, ultrasound scan, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography, laparoscopy and biopsy. It is important to detect liver cancers early because small cancers in a patient who has minimal symptoms can be treated effectively.

What is liver cancer screening ?

Liver cancer screening is the best way to detect liver cancer early in its course. It is performed to detect small cancers that do not produce any symptoms. Small cancers can be treated more effectively. Patients who have a liver disease that puts them at a high risk of developing liver cancer (such as hepatitis B, any form of cirrhosis) should undergo periodic screening tests. It usually involves a blood test to look for a cancer marker (alpha-feto-protein) and an ultrasound scan of the liver to look for actual cancer. You must understand that screening tests are not 100 percent accurate and your doctor may advise you additional tests if he suspects that you may have a liver cancer.

How is liver cancer treated ?

Liver cancer treatment depends on:

  • The liver condition
  • The size, location, and number of tumors
  • If the cancer has spread outside the liver
  • The person age and overall health

Can a liver transplant be done for liver cancer ?

Surgery is the most effective therapy for most types of liver cancer, but doctors will usually combine  different methods to treat the cancer most effectively. When surgery to remove the cancer itself cannot be performed, your doctor may suggest a liver transplantation in which the cancer along with the entire liver is replaced thus curing the patient.

If I have been diagnosed to have liver cancer, what questions should I ask my doctor ?

  • You and your family should have a clear understanding of the disease and the treatment plan.
  • What is my diagnosis?
  • What is the stage of the disease?
  • What are my treatment choices? Which do you recommend for me? Why?
  • What are the chances that the treatment will be successful?
  • What are the risks and possible side effects of each treatment?
  • How long will my treatment last?
  • Will I have to change my normal activities?
  • What is the treatment likely to cost?
  • What are the prospects for liver transplantation?

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Advanced Liver Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

Best Knee Replacement Surgery Hospitals in India

What is Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that decreases the pain and improves the quality of life.knee-replacement-surgery3 During total joint replacement surgery, the worn-out surfaces of the joint are removed/shaved off and replaced with implants. The femoral(thigh bone) and tibial(leg bone) component is made up of a metal alloy that covers the end of these bones. The insert/spacer that is put between the two metal components serves as a cushion, a smooth gliding surface between the two.

The patella (knee cap) is resurfaced with a special polyethylene.

Knee joint is the most complicated joint of the body. It consists of three components junction of three bones: the patella (knee cap), distal femoral condyles(thigh bone) and the proximal tibial plateau(leg bone). The ends are covered with articular cartilage- an elastic material that allows the knee to move freely. If damaged, the cartilage cannot repair itself.

INDICATIONS OF TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

  • Ostheoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Post traumatic Arthritis
  • Gouty arthritis
  • Pain in Deformed Knee

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis most commonly referred to as the wear and tear of the joint usually affects the elderly and middle age to elderly people.

In osteoarthritis the cartilage between the joint breaks down.

CAUSES

  • Older age
  • Obesity
  • Previous traumatic joint injury/overuse of joints
  • Joint deformity

What are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis?

  • Pain in and around the joint
  • Stiffness
  • Difficulty in squatting and sitting crossed leg
  • Difficulty in negotiating stairs
  • Deformities of the joint
  • Inability to walk for long distances
  • Joint swelling
  • Decreased movement of the joint

HOW TO DIAGNOSE?

  • History and clinical examination
  • Standing X rays of the knee joint
  • Some patients may knee CT Scan/ MRI

Who are the right candidates for Knee Replacement Surgery?

The surgical treatment becomes an option in severe cases and the medical treatment fails.

Medical Treatment includes:

  • Activity modification.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Joint injections

Surgical Indications are:

  • When the medical treatment fails to relieve the pain.
  • There is severe deformity of the joint so much so that it affects the daily activities of the patient.
  • There is instability of the knee joint.
  • There is decreased range of motion of the joint.

How you prepare

An orthopedic surgeon performs knee replacement procedures. Before the procedure, the surgeon takes your medical history and performs a physical examination to assess your knee’s range of motion, stability and strength. X-rays can help determine the extent of knee damage.knee-replacement-surgery-banner-1

Knee replacement surgery requires anesthesia to make you comfortable during surgery. Your input and personal preference help the team decide whether to use general anesthesia, which makes you unconscious, or spinal or epidural anesthesia, which leaves you awake but unable to feel pain from your waist down.

Your doctor or anesthesiologist might advise you to stop taking certain medications and dietary supplements before your surgery. You’ll likely be instructed not to eat anything after midnight before your surgery.

Plan for your recovery

For several weeks after the procedure, you might need to use crutches or a walker. Make arrangements for transportation home from the hospital and help with everyday tasks, such as cooking, bathing and doing laundry. If you live alone, your surgeon’s staff or hospital discharge planner can suggest a temporary caretaker.

To make your home safer and easier to navigate during recovery, consider making the following improvements:

  • Create a total living space on one floor since climbing stairs can be difficult.
  • Install safety bars or a secure handrail in your shower or bath.
  • Secure stairway handrails.
  • Get a stable chair with a firm seat cushion and back, and a footstool to elevate your leg.
  • Arrange for a toilet-seat riser with arms if you have a low toilet.
  • Try a stable bench or chair for your shower.
  • Remove loose rugs and cords.

Results

  • For most people, knee replacement provides pain relief, improved mobility and a better quality of life. Talk with your doctor about what you can expect from knee replacement surgery.
  • Three to six weeks after surgery, you generally can resume most daily activities, such as shopping and light housekeeping. Driving is also possible at around three weeks if you can bend your knee far enough to sit in a car and if you have enough muscle control to operate the brakes and accelerator.
  • After you’ve recovered, you can enjoy a variety of low-impact activities, such as walking, swimming, golfing or biking. But you should avoid higher impact activities — such as jogging, skiing, tennis and sports that involve contact or jumping. Talk to your doctor about your limitations.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Best Knee Replacement Surgery Hospitals in India

Best Hospitals for Brain Cancer in India

A brain tumor or cancer grows once irregular cells are formed inside the region of brain. There are mainly 2 varieties of tumors like cancerous tumors and non-cancerous tumors. Cancerous tumors could also be categorized into primary tumors that grow inside the brain itself and such tumors that spread from some totally different part recognized as brain metastasis tumors. all types of brain tumors will produce symptoms and signs that vary in keeping with the regions of the brain involved. Brain Cancer may be a illness which can be diagnosed and analysed with a thorough remedial examination. It doesn’t refer a schedule sickness since for the most conditions, it’s terribly deadly. it always happens once one form of the brain tissue loses its general options and transforms and begins multiplying to formulate an irregular lump of cells called tumor. nevertheless, not all sort of brain tumors is cancerous. Non cancerous brain tumors don’t have any threat and should be with success separated.

Types of Brain Cancer

  • Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
  • Schwannoma
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Chordoma
  • Ptic nerve glioma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Pituitary neuroectodermal
  • Ganglioneuroma
  • Brain stem glioma
  • Pineal tumors
  • Meningioma
  • Primitive neuroectodermal
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Mixed glioma
  • Craniopharyngioma

Other symptoms for Brain Cancer can include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Difficulty speaking or remembering words
  • Disturbed vision, hearing, smell or taste
  • General irritability or a change in personality – this is sometimes noticed only by family or friends
  • Drowsiness

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor:-

Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) exerting a limiting control for any substance to pass. Hence, most tracers would be able reach brain tumors only with the disruption of the BBB. The disruption of the BBB (blood-brain-barrier) can be detected by a MRI and CT.

Treatment for Brain Cancer

There are various methods undertaken by the doctors as treatment methods. However, some of them are mentioned here. Effective treatment for brain cancer must be personalized for each and every patient. Treatment schedules are depended on the victim’s general health condition and age as well as the location, malignancy, type, size, and phase of the cancerous tumor. In most of the cases of brain cancer, radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy are the major kinds of treatment. Frequently, more than one treatment type is applied. India has come the best destination for Brain Cancer Treatment now a days due to availability of Most Advanced Technology & highly skill team of doctors, surgeons & para medical staff. One can gets best Brain Cancer Treatment in India very affordable Rates and assists you in facilitating you further lowest treatment cost for best medical treatment you are looking for.

The patient, family, and friends will have many questions about the tumor, the treatment, how treatment will affect the person, and the person’s long-term outlook (prognosis). So, everyone take needed precaution. Love and support is also needed.

Surgery as the way of Treatment

Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for brain cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the brain cancer.

Additional treatment options for high-grade tumors include:

  • Radiation therapy: X-rays and other forms of radiation can destroy tumor cells or delay tumor growth.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill rapidly dividing cells. It can be taken orally or intravenously.
  • Targeted therapy: The focus on a specific element of a cell, such as molecules or pathways required for cell growth, in order to use them as a target.
  • Tumor Treating Fields: (A wearable device) locally or regionally delivered treatment that produces electric fields to disrupt the rapid cell division exhibited by cancer cells by creating alternating, “wave-like” electric fields that travel across their region of usage in different directions. Because structures within dividing cells have an electric charge, they interact with these electric fields.

Best brain cancer hospitals in India are as follows:

  • Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Chennai
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  • Jaypee Hospital, Noida
  • Max Hospital, Delhi

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Best Hospitals for Brain Cancer in India

Breast Cancer Treatment Best Hospitals in India

Overview

Breast cancer is cancer that forms within the cells of the breasts.
After Sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-article.__v20048088skin cancer, breast cancer is that the most typical cancer diagnosed in women within the us. breast {cancer|carcinoma} can occur in each men and women, however it’s far a lot of common in women.
Substantial support for breast cancer awareness and analysis funding has helped improve the screening and diagnosing and advances within the treatment of breast cancer. breast cancer survival rates have increased, and also the range of deaths steadily has been declining, that is basically attributable to variety of things like earlier detection, a brand new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.

What are Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

In early stages, breast cancer usually has no symptoms. As the tumor progresses, you may note the following signs:

  • Swelling in the armpit
  • Pain or tenderness in the breast
  • A lump in the breast, is often the first apparent symptom of breast cancer, breast lumps are usually painless, although some may cause a prickly sensation. Lumps are usually visible on a mammogram long before they can be seen or felt.
  • A noticeable flattening or indentation on the breast which may indicate a tumor that cannot be seen or felt
  • Any change in the contour, texture or temperature of the breast, reddish, pitted surface like the skin of an orange (called peu de orange) is symptomatic of advanced breast cancer.
  • A change in the nipple, such as an indrawn or dimpled look, itching or burning sensation, or ulceration, scaling of the nipple is symptomatic of Paget’s disease, a localized cancer.
  • Unusual discharge from the nipple that may be clear, bloody or of another color, usually caused by benign conditions but possibly due to cancer.

Diagnosing breast cancer

Tests and procedures used to diagnose breast cancer include:

  • Breast exam. Your doctor will check both of your breasts and lymph nodes in the armpit, feeling for any lumps or other abnormalities.
  • Mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are commonly used to screen for breast cancer. If an abnormality is detected on a screening mammogram, your doctor may recommend a diagnostic mammogram to further evaluate that abnormality.
  • Breast ultrasound. Ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of structures deep within the body. Ultrasound may be used to determine whether a new breast lump is a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst.
  • Removing a sample of breast cells for testing (biopsy). A biopsy is the only definitive way to make a diagnosis of breast cancer. Biopsy samples are sent to a laboratory for analysis where experts determine whether the cells are cancerous. A biopsy sample is also analyzed to determine the type of cells involved in the breast cancer, the aggressiveness (grade) of the cancer, and whether the cancer cells have hormone receptors or other receptors that may influence your treatment options.
  • Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI machine uses a magnet and radio waves to create pictures of the interior of your breast. Before a breast MRI, you receive an injection of dye.

Treatment Options for Breast Cancer

Usually, a multidisciplinary team of medical professionals will be involved in the treatment of breast cancer. breast-cancer-treatmentConsisting of oncologists, specialist cancer surgeon, reconstructive surgeons, specialist nurse, radiographer, radiologist & pathologist, the team may sometimes also include physical therapist, occupational therapist, psychologist & dietitian.

 

Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This is done with the help of dye which is injected into the patient. This scan will also help doctors determine the extent of cancer. MRI also provides a useful indication of breast tumor’s response to pre-surgical chemotherapy through clinical examination.

There are some of the Best Hospitals in India for Breast Cancer Treatment :-

  1. Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital,Vasant Kunj.
  2. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon.
  3. Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  4. Max Super Specialty Hospital,New Delhi.
  5. Jaypee Hospital, Noida

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Breast Cancer Treatment Best Hospitals in India

Best Pediatric Heart Surgery Hospitals in India

Heart surgery in children is done to repair heart defects a child is born with (congenital heart defects) and heart diseases a child gets after birth that need surgery. The surgery is needed for the child’s well being.

Description

The news that your kid needs heart surgery isn’t easy to listen to. we tend to understand that you simply can have several queries and concerns about the surgical process and what you’ll expect.  The expert cardiac surgeons and specially-trained staff at Sacred Heart Children’s Hospital can support your family through every turn.
Our pediatric cardiac surgeons are highly regarded for his or her experience in a very broad vary of congenital repairs.pediatric-heart-surgery-1
Your child’s viscus surgery are going to be performed by pediatric cardiac surgeons in one in all the nation’s most advanced surgery centers. Providence Sacred Heart could be a leader within the treatment of heart disease and our extremely trained team offers a wealth of experience in traditional procedures, still as innovative techniques.
As a partner in your child’s cardiac care, we are going to work closely together with your referring physician to help ensure coordinated care throughout your lodge in the hospital and once you come back home.

Why the Procedure is Performed

Some heart defects need repair soon after birth. For others, it is better to wait months or years. Certain heart defects may not need to be repaired.

In general, symptoms that indicate that surgery is needed are:

  • Blue or gray skin, lips, and nail beds (cyanosis). These symptoms mean there is not enough oxygen in the blood (hypoxia).
  • Difficulty breathing because the lungs are “wet,” congested, or filled with fluid (heart failure).
  • Problems with heart rate or heart rhythm (arrhythmias).
  • Poor feeding or sleeping, and lack of growth and development of the child.

Risks for any surgery are:

  • Bleeding during surgery or in the days after surgery
  • Bad reactions to medicines
  • Problems breathing
  • Infection

Additional risks of heart surgery are:

  • Blood clots (thrombi)
  • Air bubbles (air emboli)
  • Pneumonia
  • Heartbeat problems (arrhythmias)
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke

Before the Procedure

If your child is talking, tell them about the surgery. If you have a preschool-aged child, tell them the day before what will happen. Say, for example, “We are going to the hospital to stay for a few days. The doctor is going to do an operation on your heart to make it work better.”

If your child is older, start talking about the procedure 1 week before the surgery. You should involve the child’s life specialist (someone who helps children and their families during times like major surgery) and show the child the hospital and surgical areas.

Your child may need many different tests:

  • Blood tests (complete blood count, electrolytes, clotting factors, and “cross match”)
  • X-rays of the chest
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG, or ECG)
  • Echocardiogram (ECHO, or ultrasound of the heart)
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • History and physical

Always tell your child’s health care provider what medicines your child is taking. Include drugs, herbs, and vitamins you bought without a prescription.

During the days before the surgery:

  • If your child is taking blood thinners (drugs that make it hard for blood to clot), such as warfarin (Coumadin) or heparin, talk with your child’s provider about when to stop giving these drugs to the child.
  • Ask which drugs the child should still take on the day of the surgery.

On the day of the surgery:

  • Your child will most often be asked not to drink or eat anything after midnight the night before the surgery.
  • Give your child any drugs you have been told to give with a small sip of water.
  • You will be told when to arrive at the hospital.

After the Procedure

Most children who have open-heart surgery need to stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for 2 to 4 days right after surgery. They most often stay in the hospital for 5 to 7 more days after they leave the ICU. Stays in the intensive care unit and the hospital are often shorter for people who have closed-heart surgery.

During their time in the ICU, your child will have:

  • A tube in the airway (endotracheal tube) and a respirator to help with breathing. Your child will be kept sleeping (sedated) while on the respirator.
  • One or more small tubes in a vein (IV line) to give fluids and medicines.
  • A small tube in an artery (arterial line).
  • One or 2 chest tubes to drain air, blood, and fluid from the chest cavity.
  • A tube through the nose into the stomach (nasogastric tube) to empty the stomach and deliver medicines and feedings for several days.
  • A tube in the bladder to drain and measure the urine for several days.
  • Many electrical lines and tubes used to monitor the child.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

Best Pediatric Heart Surgery Hospitals in India

Prostate Cancer Surgery Best Hospitals in India

Overview-

Prostate cancer is a disease which only occurs in the prostate gland present in the male reproductive 546system and is most common among men over ages 50 years. Mostly are slow growing; however, it can grow quickly if ignored, at first it causes no symptoms but in later stages it can lead to difficulty in urinating, blood in urine or pain in the penis.

 

 

Advanced (metastatic) prostate cancer:-

Advanced or metastatic cancer of the prostate gland is when the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer is usually diagnosed in the early stages before it starts to spread outside the prostate gland. But in some men, the prostate cancer will be advanced when it is first diagnosed. Advanced prostate cancer can also occur in men who have previously been treated for early or locally advanced prostate cancer but their cancer has come back (relapsed or recurred). Prostate cancer cells can sometimes spread beyond the prostate gland. The cancer cells may travel around the body in the bloodstream or, less commonly the lymphatic system. When these cells reach a new area of the body, they may go on dividing and form a new tumor  called a metastasis or secondary tumor.

The most common places for prostate cancer to spread are to bones such as the spine, pelvis, thigh bone (femur) and ribs. Usually, the cancer cells will spread to a number of different places in the bones rather than to a single site. Sometimes prostate cancer can affect the bone marrow. This is the spongy material that’s found in the center  of most bones. It’s also where the body’s blood cells are made.  Prostate cancer can also spread to the lymph nodes, and occasionally it may affect the lungs, the brain and the liver.

Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms:-

Prostate cancer does not normally cause symptoms until the cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra.

This normally results in problems associated with urination. Symptoms can include:

  • needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night
  • needing to rush to the toilet
  • difficulty in starting to pee (hesitancy)
  • straining or taking a long time while urinating
  • weak flow
  • feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully

Many men′s prostates get larger as they get older due to a non-cancerous condition known as prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Symptoms that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.

Risk factors:-

Independent factors include:-

  • Men over 65: prostate cancer is not very common in men under 50.
  • African ancestry: Men of African ancestry have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer. They have about a 60% higher rate of prostate cancer than Caucasian men. Men of African ancestry are more likely to be diagnosed at a younger age and with more aggressive and advanced tumor.
  • Family history: the risk of developing prostate cancer is higher if a first-degree relative (father or brother) has been diagnosed with the disease.A  Men are at the most risk if more than one relative has been diagnosed and if the relatives were diagnosed at a younger age.  The risk doubles if a man′s father had the disease, and if a brother had it, the risk triples; hereditary prostate cancer typically begins among a cluster of relatives before age 55.

Dependent risk factors include:-

  • High-fat diet: a diet high in fat, especially animal fat, may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Exposure to cadmium: Cadmium is a metallic element known to cause cancer and is a possible risk factor for prostate cancer.

Tests and diagnosis:-

 

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE): This is an exam of the prostate via the rectum.  The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels the prostate through the rectal wall for lumps, hardness of abnormal areas.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: This test measures the level of PSA in the blood.  PSA is a substance made by the prostate that may be found in an increased amount in the blood of men who have prostate cancer.  PSA levels may also be high in men who have an infection or inflammation of the prostate or BPH (a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate).
  • Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS): A procedure in which a probe that is about the size of a finger is inserted into the rectum to check the prostate. The probe is used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal tissues or organs and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram. Transrectal ultrasound is used during a biopsy procedure.
  • Biopsy:  The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist. The pathologist will examine the biopsy sample to check for cancer cells and determine the Gleason score. The Gleason score ranges from 2-10 and describes how likely it is that a tumor will spread. The lower the number, the less likely the tumor is to spread. There are 2 types of biopsy procedures used to diagnose prostate cancer.
    • Transrectal biopsy: The removal of tissue from the prostate by inserting a thin needle through the rectum and into the prostate. This procedure is usually done using transrectal ultrasound to help guide the needle.
    • Transperineal biopsy: The removal of tissue from the prostate by inserting a thin needle through the skin between the scrotum and rectum and into the prostate.

 

Prostate Cancer Treatment:-

Because prostate cancer often grows very slowly, some men (especially those who are older or who have other major health problems) might never need treatment for their cancer. Instead, their doctor may suggest approaches known as watchful waiting, expectant management, observation, or active surveillance.

Some doctors use these terms to mean the same thing. For other doctors the terms mean something slightly different:

  • Active surveillance is often used to mean watching the cancer closely with PSA blood tests, digital rectal exams (DREs), and ultrasounds at regular intervals to see if the cancer is growing. Prostate biopsies may be done as well to see if the cancer is starting to grow faster.
  • Watchful waiting (observation) is sometimes used to describe a less intense type of follow-up that may mean fewer tests and relying more on changes in a man’s symptoms to decide if treatment is needed.

Surgery for prostate cancer

Surgery is a common choice to try to cure prostate cancer if it is not thought to have spread outside the gland.The main type of surgery for prostate cancer is known as a radical prostatectomy. In this operation, the surgeon removes the entire prostate gland plus some of the tissue around it. A radical prostatectomy can be done in different ways.

Open approaches to prostatectomy

In the more traditional approach to doing a prostatectomy, the surgeon operates through a single long cut (incision) to remove the prostate and nearby tissues. This type of surgery, sometimes referred to as an open approach, is now done less often than before.

  • Radical retropubic prostatectomy: In the retropubic approach, a cut is made in the lower belly (abdomen), as shown in the picture below. The doctor will then remove the prostate and some nearby tissues. He or she can also remove nearby lymph nodes to check for cancer spread.A small tube (catheter) will be put in your penis to help drain your bladder after surgery. The catheter usually stays in place for 1 to 2 weeks while you are healing.

You will probably stay in the hospital for a few days after the surgery, and your activities will be limited for about 3 to 5 weeks.

  • Radical perineal prostatectomy: In the perineal approach, the surgeon makes the cut in the skin between the anus and the scrotum. This approach is used less often because it’s more likely to lead to erection problems and because the nearby lymph nodes can’t be removed. But it might be an option if you aren’t concerned about erections and you don’t need lymph nodes removed. It also might be used if you have other medical problems that make retropubic surgery hard to do.

The perineal approach often takes less time than the retropubic approach, and may result in less pain.A tube for draining urine (called a catheter) will be put into the bladder through the penis to drain urine for 1 to 2 weeks while you are healing.You will probably stay in the hospital for a few days after the surgery, and your activities will be limited for about 3 to 5 weeks.

MyMedOpinion.com gets you Medical Opinion from India’s top Specialists and Best Treatment Cost from World Class hospitals in India- in just 24-48 hours

MyMedOpinion.com  affiliated   Best hospitals in India provide an medical opinion from experienced surgeons and the treatment cost includes companion stay  , surgeon fee, medicines and consumables, nursing care, patient’s food and airport pick up & drop etc. etc. We offer free, no obligation assistance to international patients to find world class medical treatment in India. We offer support and services to facilitate the care you require. We can help you find the best hospital in India

Send us a Medical Report to Get FREE Medical Opinion from India’s Top Doctors

MyMedOpinion.com is the hub of Surgeons and specialists for major diseases. We give you a chance to speak to our doctors and discuss your health issues directly.

Email Us: info@mymedopinion.com  Call Us: +91-9654683991

 

Prostate Cancer Surgery Best Hospitals in India